N. E. YOUNG
* f l
Professional Base Ball Clcjps.
Published by A. G. SPALDING & BROS.
Niw Fork &nd i
OF 'I HI'
National League and American Association
Professional Base Ball dubs.
Section i. (i) This Association shall be called the NATIONAL
League and American Association op Professional Base
Sec. 2. The objects of this League are :
(i) To perpetuate base ball as the National game of the
Uriited Slates, and to surround it with such safeguards as to
warrant absolute public confidence in its integrity and methods.
(2) To protect and promote the mutual interests of profes-
sional base: hall clubs and professional base ball players, and
(3) To establish and regulate the professional base ball
championship of the United States.
Sec. 3. This League shall consist of twelve clubs (the mem-
bership of which shall not be increased or diminished foraperiod
of ten yens) located in the following named cities, to wit :
Boston, New York, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Wash-
ington, Pittsburg, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Louisville, Cleveland
and Chicago ; or such other clubs as may, from time to ti mi
elected to membership, as may be hereinafter provided for; bill
in tin event shall there be more than <>//,■ club in any city.
WITHDRAWAL prom membership.
SEC. 4. Any club member of this League finding itself unable
to meet the obligations it has assumed, shall have the right to
ask the Leagui 1 ni permission to dispose of its rights and
franchises, as a member of the League, to some other city or
organization. In the event of this League giving its consent
to the acceptance of such city or organization to membership,
providing said club shall assume, together with the rights and
franchises of said retiring clul>, all the liabilities, responsibili-
ties and obligations entered into by said retiring club, as a
member of this League. Provided, also, and it must be so
understood by the retiring and the new member, that the
retiring club shall not be relieved or released from any con-
tracts, responsibilities or obligations, entered into by it to this
League, until all of said contracts, responsibilities and obliga-
tions have been fully paid and determined by the club accept-
ing its membership, rights, franchises, etc.
ADMISSION TO MEMBERSHIP.
Sf.c. 5. No club shall be admitted to membership unless it
shall first have delivered to the Secretary of the League a
written application signed by its President and Secretary, and
accompanied by documents showing that such club bears the
name of the city in which it is located, and that it is regularly
organized and officered, and, where the State law permits it,
chartered. Such application shall at once be transmitted by
the Secretary to the Board of Directors, who shall immediately
investigate and report upon said application, said report to be
communicated to the League through the Secretary.
Sec. 6. The voting upon an application for membership
shall be by ballot, a three-fourths vote being requisite for
IN REGARD TO VACANCIES.
Sec 7. In case a vacancy occurs in the membership of this
organization during the championship season, the President
shall nominate to all the clubs all applicants for membership ;
and the vote thereon may be taken by telegraph or mail, as
occasion may require, and a majority of all the clubs will be
required to admit any applicant to membership. Such mem-
bership, however, shall continue only until the next annual
meeting, but such club shall be subject to all the rules and
requirements of this organization.
TERMINATION OK MEMBERSHIP.
Six. 8. The membership of any club may be terminated—
(1) liy resignation duly accepted by a three-fourths vote of
all the clubs in meeting duly convened, as provided in Section j
(2) By failure to present its nine at the time and place at-re. d
upon to play any championship game, unless caused by UnavnM
able accident in traveling. ' ""•"»«*-
(3) Tty allowing open betting or pool selling upon its grounds
or iii any building ou 1 1 ipied by it.
(4) By playing any g ! ol ball with a club thai is disquali-
fied or ineligible under this Constitution.
(5) By offering, agreeing, conspirin mpting to
.inn' of ball ; or (ailing to imn i xpel any player
who shall be proven guilty of offering, agreeing, conspirin
attempting to lose any game of ball, or of being interested in
any pool or wager thereon.
(6) By disbandment of its organization or club team during
the championship season.
(7) l!y failing or refusing to fulfill its contractual obligations.
By failing or refusing to comply with any lawful require-
ment of the Hoard of Directors.
(9) By wilfully violating any p of this Constitution,
legislation or playing rules made in pursuance thereof, or
any violation of the provisions of the National Agreement.
•I HE EXPULSION
SEC. 9. To carry into effect the provisions of Section 8 of
this Constitution, the facts in any case covered by such section
must be reported to the Secretary of the League, who shall at
once notify, by mail or telegraph, the patty charged with the
specified default or offense and inquire whether any dispute
exists as to the facts alleged. In case the facts are disp
the Hoard shall, after doe notice, try the case under such reg-
ulations as they may prescribe ; ami their finding shall be final
and conclusive on all parlies except in case of expulsion, when
such finding shall be forwarded to each club, which shall
transmit to the Secretary written ballots " For Expulsion " or
"Against Expulsion" ; and if all clubs vote " For Expulsion"
the Secretary shall notify all clubs of the forfeiture of member-
ship of the party charged.
Sec. 10. (1) Each club shall pay to the Secretary, on or
before the first day of April of each year, the sum
annual dues ; and such other sums as from time to time may l>e
assjssed for the payment of salaries of officers and umpires, and
for such other expenses as may be incurred by order of this
League or the Board of Directors. Also all fines and penalties
Imposed by said League or its Hoard ol Directors upon a club
or upon any club officer, player, manager, scorer, or other em-
ploye when so levied and imposed by virtue of, and in accord-
ance with, the provisions of this Constitution and the playing
rules of this League.
THE IMPOSING OP FINES.
(2) Upon conviction of any of the offenses prescribed in Sec-
tion 8, as causes for expulsion, the Board of Directors may, in
the first instance, as a preliminary to, or in lien of expulsion,
impose such a fine as is in their judgment commensurate with
the injury ; which fine may include a penalty payable to any
other club or clubs, as an equivalent for damages sustained for
such violation of this Constitution, or of the legislation or con-
tracts made in pursuance thereof.
Sec. ii. At its annual meeting the League shall elect a
President-Secretary-Treasurer and Board of Directors. The
President shall be ex-officio Chairman of the Hoard of Directors.
He shall report to the Board of Directors any violation of tin-
provisions of this Constitution that may come to his knowledge.
He shall be the sole interpreter of the flaying rulis (luring the
championship season. lie shall preside at all the meetings of
the League, and at the annual meeting of the League shall act
as a schedule committee.
Should the olfice of President become vacant by death, resig-
nation, or removal, the Hoard of Directors shall, within thirty
days thereafter, elect a President.
Sec. 12. The Board of Directors shall consist of the Presi-
dent and six other members, to be chosen at the annual meeting
by lot, three of whom shall represent the Eastern clubs and
three the Western clubs.
QUALIFICATION'S OF OFFICERS.
Sec. 13. No person shall be qualified to act as Director who
is not an actual member of the club he represents ; nor shall
any club, under any circumstances, be represented by more
than one person on the Hoard of Directors.
DUTIES OF HIE BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
Sf.c. 14. The Board shall have the general supervision and
management of all affairs and business of the League, and
shall be individually answerable to the League for the faithful
discharge of their trust.
Sec. 15. The Hoard shall meet annually on the morning of
the second Tuesday in December, at 12 o'l loi 1 on, at the
place where the annual meeting of the League is to be held,
but may hold special meetings whenever urgent necessity may
Sec. if>. The Board shall prepare a detailed report of all
their doings, and presi i.t the same in writing to the League al
ils annual meeting; which report shall, if accepted, be filed
with llie Secretary; together with all official papers, docu-
ments and property, which may have come into their possession
by virtue of their office.
VACANCY IN THB B0H.RO.
SEC. 17. In case of vacancy in the Board by reason of the
death, resignation, absence, or disqualification of any Director,
the club of which he was a member, at the time he was chosen,
shall designate his successor, and at once notify the Secretary.
But if such vacancy is caused by the withdrawal, disbanding,
or disqualification of a club represented on the Board, the
Board may fill the vacancy by election in the same manner as
provided for the election of Directors in Section 12.
THE SECRETARY'S I"
SEC. 18. The Secretary shall be the Trcasurerof the League,
and as such shall be the custodian of all funds of the League ;
'v all dues, fees and assessments; make such payments,
as shall be ordered by the Board or by the vote of the League,
and render annually a report of his accounts ; and he shall
give such bond, with approved sureties, as the Board may
Sic. 19. The Secretary shall have the custody and care of
the official records ami papers of the League ; shall keep a
true record of all meetings of the League and the Board ; shall
issue all official notices, and attend to the necessary corre-
spondence ; he shall also prepare and furnish such reports as
may be called for by the Board, and shall be entitled to such
books, stationery, blanks and materials as the actual duties of
his office may require.
Sic. 20. The Secretary shall keep a record of all infractions
of the rules and regulations of the League that may come under
his notice, and shall make a report on the same to the Board at
its next meeting.
SEC, 21. The Secretary shall receive such salary as the Board,
by vote, shall determine, and shall be reimbursed for all travel-
ing expenses actually incurred by him in the service of the
League ; and the Board may exact from him such guarantees
for the faithful performance of his duties as they would deem
for the interest and safety of the League. At the expiration of
his term of office he shall account lor. and deliver up to the
Board, all the property and papers which may have come into
his hands by virtue of his ofi
LAWS GOVERNING EMPLOYEES.
IN1H\ iim'ai. CLUB CO
Sec. 22. Each club belonging to this League shall have the
right to regulate its own affairs ; to establish its own rules, and
to discipline, punish, suspend or expel its own manager, play-
ers or other employes, and these powers shall not be limited to
casts of dishonest play or open insubordination ; but shall
include all questions of carelessness, indifference or other con-
duct of the player that may be regarded by the club as
prejudicial to Its interests, and not in conflict with any provision
of this Constitution ; or the playing rules of this League. The
President of the League shall have power, upon proper proof,
to inflict a line for any such offenses not exceeding $200, which
fine can only be remitted by the Board of Directors.
CLUB TERRITORIAL RIGHTS.
Sec. 23. Every clur> of this League shall have exclusive
control of the city in which it is located, ami of the territory
surrounding such city, to the extent of five miles in every
direction from its corporate limits ; and no visiting League club
shall, under any circumstances — except with the consent of the
local League club, until all League championship games on
that ground shall have been finished — be allowed to play any
club in such territory other than the League club therein
located : nor shall a visiting League club play any game in
April, with any non-League club, within said five miles from
the corporate limits of the city in which the League club is
located, without the consent of the local League club.
MODE OK CONTRACT.
SEC 24. Contracts made between a club and its players may
be either by telegram or writing, to be followed within thirty
days thereafter by a contract in the form approved and promul-
gated by the Secretary to all the clubs of the League.
ON RESERVATION OF PLAYERS.
Sec. 25. Each club a member of this League shall be entitled
to the right of reservation. On or before the 30th day of Sep-
tember in each year each club shall transmit to the Secretary a
reserve list of the players whose services it desires to retain,
and who are then under contract to the said club for the current
or for any succeeding season or seasons ; and in addition
thereto the names of such players reserved in any prior annual
list who have refused to contract with said club. Such players,
together with all others thereafer to be regularly contracted
with, shall be ineligible to contract with any other club in this
League except as hereinafter provided. A'o cluli shall have the
right to reserve any player when in arrears of salary to him.
The Secretary shall promulgate such lists.
Si i . 26. The League sliall adopt such form of contract as it
may deem best for the protection of the rights of the parlies
thereto. All contracts must be approved by the Secretary, and
duly promulgated by him. The ten days' release, provided for
in the seventeenth paragraph of the League form of contract,
shall begin to run from the time of notice thereof received by
the Secretary of the League, who shall, at once, promulgate
the same to all club members. At the expiration of said ten
days the player, so released, shall be eligible to contract with
the releasing club, or any other club member.
EXPULSION OF PLAYERS,
SEC. 27. Any player, while under contract with, or reserva-
tion by, a League club, who shall, without the consent of such
club, enter the service of any other club in any capacity, shall
be liable to expulsion by said League club. Whenever a club
releases a manager or player without notice, or gives him ten
days' notice of release in accordance with the terms of his con-
tract, or suspends or expels a manager or player, that club shall
at once notify the Secretary of this League, slating, in case of
release, the date when the same lakes effect, ami in case of
suspension or expulsion, the cause thereof.
NEGOTIATING FOR SERVICES.
Sic. 28. No player, without the consent of the club with
which he is under contract or reservation, shall enter into nego-
tiations with any other club for future services ; but if such
consent be obtained, a player may negotiate for his release, and
offer a money consideration therefor, which may be accepted
by the said releasing club.
EFFECT OK CLUB DISBANDMENT.
Sec 29. The disbandment of a League club, or its with-
drawal from or loss of League membership, shall operate as a
release of its players from contract and reservation with said
club, but the right to contract with and reserve said players
shall be subject to transfer to such other club as the League
may designate after acceptance of their said services.
ON SUSPENSION OF PLAYERS.
SEC. 30. No manager or player, who has been suspended or
expelled from a League club, shall at any time thereat'
allowed to play with, or serve in any capacity, anj League club
(either the one expelling him or any other) unless the term of
suspension by the club has expired, or, upon his appeal to this
League, such expulsion or suspension shall have been set aside.
PLAYING Willi OUTSIDE CLUBS.
Sec. 31. No game of base ball shall I"- played between a
League club and auy oilier club that lias been expelled troili
membership in this League. No game of ball shall be played
between a League club and any other club employing or pre-
senting in its nine a player expelled, or under suspension from
the League, or other wise rendered ineligible by this 1 ,eague or
a club member thereof. A violation of this section shall forfeit
the game in favor of the non-offending club, and subject it to
such fine as the Board of Directors may impose.
"crookedness" and its penalties.
Sec. 32. Any person who shall be proven guilty of offering,
agreeing, conspiring or attempting to cause any game of ball to
result otherwise than on its merits under the playing rules ; or
who, while acting as umpire, shall violate any provision of the
Constitution, or of the playing rules adopted hereunder, may
be forever disqualified by the President oj the League from acting
as umpire, manager, player or in any other capacity in any game
of ball participated in by a League club,
THE UMPIRES AND THEIR DUTIES.
THE STAFF of umpires.
Sf.o. 33. A start of League Umpires shall be selected by the
Secretary before the opening of the regular season.
(1) They shall be paid such salaries and allowed such ex-
penses as may lie mutually agreed upon by contract between
them and the Secretary of the League, subject to the approval
of the Board of Directors of the League.
(2) They shall be under the sole control and direction of the
Secretary, from whom they will receive all assignments to duty
and all instructions regarding the interpretation of the playing
rules, and the Secretary shall prescribe a proper uniform for
them, all parts of which shall be worn while officiating as
Umpire. THEIR DUTIES.
(3) In the event of the failure of Umpires to umpire a game
assigned to them, it shall be the duty of the Secretary to pro-
vide a substitute to umpire such game ; and in such case there
shall be deducted from the next annual payment to the League
Umpire the sum of twelve dollars for each game assigned to
him, which for any reason he shall have failed to umpire,
(4) ft shall be the duty of an Umpire u> enforce the rulei m
they are written, regardless of Ms personal opinion as to their
merit. This shall especially apply to Rule 52, Rule 60 and
Rule 61 ; and in the event of his failure to enforce these rules
he shall be fined S25 for the first offense and $50 for the second
offense, upon the sworn statement of the Captain of one of the
opposing teams and two reputable witnesses, which affidavits
must be forwarded to the League Secretary within twenty-four
hours of the offense.
(5) It shall be tie duty of each League club to accept as
umpires for any championship game such League Umpires or
substitutes as the Secretary shall assign to such game. In the
event of the non-appearance of both League Umpires or substi-
tutes al the hour appointed for the beginning of the game, each
Club Captain shall then selecl one of the substitute players
of the opposing club, and the two players thus selected shall
be the duly authorized Umpires for that game.
(6) Any League Umpire shall be subject to removal by the
Secretary at any time, and in the event of the resignation,
removal or expulsion of any League Umpire the Secretary shall
have power to appoint a suitable person to fill the vacancy thus
CAUSE FOR EXPULSION.
SEC. 34. Any League Umpire who shall in the judgment of
the President of the League be guilty of ungentlenianly con-
duct, or of selling or offering to sell a game of which he is
Umpire, shall thereupon be removed from his official capacity
and placed under the same disabilities inflicted upon expelled
players by the Constitution of this League.
SKTTLEMENT OF CLUB DISPUTES.
'nil''. GOVERNING TRIBUNAL.
SEC 35. The Board of Directors shall be the sole tribunal to
determine disputes between clubs j the facts to be submitted,
and the dispute adjudicated under such regulations as the
Board shall prescribe in each case. Where such dispute is in
relation to a game alleged to have been played in violation of
this Constitution or of the Playing Rules, the complaint and
accompanying proofs must be filed within live days after the
date of said game with the President of the Board, who shall
send a copy of- the same to the other club, with orders to file
its answer within five days thereafter. The President of the
Board shall in the first instance decide the dispute on its
merits and forthwith communicate bis decision to both clubs,
either of which may within five days appeal from said decision
to the full Hoard. Said decision, together with all other docu-
ments and proofs, shall thereupon be transmitted for a mail
voir t.j the different members of the Board. The finding of
Ihr Board shall be final, and under no circumstances shall be
reconsidered, reopened or inquired into, either by the League
or any subsequent Board.
Ski'. 36. The Board shall at once consider any complaint
preferred by a club against a manager or player of anothi 1
club (prior to the expiration of the championship season) for
conduct in violation of any provision of this Constitution, or
prejudicial to the good repute of the game of base ball ; and
shall have power to require the club, to which such player or
manager may belong, to discipline him, and upon repetition of
such offense to expel him. Provided that such complaint be
preferred in writing, giving such particulars as may enable
the Board to ascertain all the facts, and such particulars shall
lie transmitted to the Secretary, by whom it shall at one; be
referred to the Board.
ADJUDICATING COMPLAINTS BY PLAYERS.
SliC. 37. In case a player, under contract with a League club,
shall, during a current season, prefer a complaint in writing to
the Secretary of the League against such a club, alleging that
such club is in arrears to him for salary for more than fifteen
days after such salary became due on account of such contract,
the Secretary shall at once transmit to the said club a copy of
such complaint, and require an answer thereto. On receipt of
such answer, or if one week shall have elapsed without the
receipt of an answer, the Secretary shall refer the paper in the
case to the Board of Directors through its Chairman, and
should the Board find the player's complaint sustained, they
shall require the club, under penalty of forfeiture of its mem-
bership, to pay to the player forthwith the full amount ascer-
tained to be due him. Provided that should the player refuse
to serve the club pending action by the Board on his complaint,
he will thereby forfeit t lie benefits of the award, and in such
case the Board shall revoke his award.
THE COURT 'if APPEAL.
Sec. 38. The Board shall also be the sole tribunal of the
hearing of an appeal made by any person who shall have been
expelled, suspended, or disciplined by his club. The matter
shall lie proceeded with in the following manner : Such person
shall, within thirty days after the date of the expulsion, sus-
pension, or discipline, file with the Secretary a written state-
ment of his defense, accompanied by a request that an appeal
be allowed him. Tin- Secretary shall notify the club of the
request for an appeal, accompanying such notice with a copy of
the appeal ; and at the next annual meeting the club, by ils
duly authorized representatn e j ami the appellant in person, by
attorney or by written statement, shall appear before the
Board with their testimony. The Board shall impartially hear
the matter and render their derision, which shall be final ami
forever binding on both 1 lull and player.
Sec. 30. No Director .shall sit in the trial of a cause in which
his club is interested.
CONSTITUTION. 1 3
Sec. 40. Any expense of trials or arbitrations shall be borne
equally by the parties to the controversy.
ADOPTING PLAYING RULES.
Sec. 41. This League shall adopt such playing rules as it
deems best for the conduct of its business.
THE CHAMPIONSHIP RULES.
THE COMPETING CLUBS.
Sec. 42. The championship of the United States, established
by this League, shall be contended for yearly by the clubs com-
posing the League.
DURATION OF THE SEASON.
Sec. 43. The championship season shall extend from such
date in April or May to such date in September or October as
the League may determine at its stated or special meeting.
SEC. 44. Every game played between two clubs from the
commencement of the championship season to the completion
of the championship series between such clubs shall be a game
for the championship, and no League club shall lend or
exchange players to or with each other for any game played
during the championship season. Any violation of this section
shall subject each offender to a fine of $ 100.
NUMBER OF GAMES.
Sec. 45. Each club shall play twelve or more championship
games with every other club; but a tie or draw game or a game
prevented by rain shall be played off on the same ground on
the next or a succeeding date of the same or subsequent series,
whether open or scheduled for another game between the same
clubs, thus compelling double games for said scheduled date.
If, however, both series shall have terminated, such postponed
game must be played off on the ground of the other club on a
date open or scheduled during a subsequent series between the
Sec 46. Each club shall have half of the championship
series of games with every other club played on its grounds,
except as otherwise provided in Section 45 ; and in all the
details of such games, that do not involve the rights of the
visiting club under the playing rules, but relate solely to such
games as attractive exhibitions to the patrons of the home
club, the visiting club shall defer to the wishes of the home
club ; provided, nevertheless, that the home club shall not he
permitted to change the usual hour for the commencement of
scheduled games in its particular city more than thirty (30)
minutes without fir.st having obtained the consent of the visiting
club thereto, under a penalty to the visiting club of $500. The
visiting club shall furnish to a person designated by the home
club the balling order of its nine by 10 o'clock on the morning
of the day of each game, or the evening previous, if requested.
In case of the failure of any visiting club to furnish the batting
order of its nine as herein stipulated, it shall forfeit the sum of
$10, which amount shall be immediately transmitted to the
Secretary of t lie League, upon the receipt of notice from him of
the infliction of such fine, which notice shall be given by the
Secretary upon receipt of complaint from the home club.
It shall be the duty of the home club to furnish the manager
and captain of the visiting club with a list of the batting order
before the commencement of the game under similar penalties
for default as herein prescribed. The visiting club shall have
the right to practise its nine on the grounds of the home club
between 11 and 12 o'clock A. M. on each day of its visit during
the championship season.
THE CHAMPIONSHIP SCHEDULE.
Sec. 47. All championship games shall be arranged in a
written schedule prepared by the Schedule Committee, and
reported to and adopted by the League by a three-fourths vote
before the beginning of the championship season. The sched-
ule shall provide for an equal number of return games, and
shall specify the date of each game and the date of each series
of games. No date in said schedule shall subsequently be
changed, except (1) by written agreement of two clubs from a
date fixed by the schedule for a game between such clubs to
another day prior to the first and subsequent to the last date of
the same schedule series between such clubs ; or (2) as pro-
vided in Sec. 45 ; or (3) by the written consent of three-fourths
of all the League clubs.
Any club or clubs violating this section shall be amenable to
a penalty of $1,000. This to apply to the clubs so playing.
Saiil penalty to be paid within forty-eight hours to the Treas-
urer of the National League and American Association, or if
not so paid to be withheld from any funds to their credit in the
hands of the Treasurer. All games played in violation of this
section shall not count in the championship series.
THE ADMISSION FEES AND RECEIPTS,
Sec. 4S. The general admission fee to all championship
games shall be fifty (50) cents, but each club shall designate
a part of its grounds, and provide seats thereon, the admission
fee to which shall be twenty-five (25) cents, and all division of
percentages shall be made on the basis of fifty (50) cents, except
as to that part of the grounds the admission fee to which is
fixed at twenty-five (25) cents, and as to such part of said
grounds all divisions of percentage shall be on the basis of
At the conclusion of each championship game the home club
shall deliver to the manager of the visiting club (and shall
transmit by mail to the President or other designated official of
the visiting club a duplicate of the same) a statement of the
receipts of said game, which must include all fifty-cent and
twenty-five cent admissions, and shall pay to the visiting club
fifty per centum of said receipts.
SEC, 49. Out of the funds of this League now in the hands of
the Secretary he shall create a Sinking Fund not to exceed
$1 2,000, which shall he invested in Government bonds. All
other funds shall he placed in the treasury to meet current
THE TURNSTILE COUNT.
Sec. 50. The number of persons admitted to the grounds
shall be determined by the use of the necessary number of self-
registering turnstiles, the arms of which shall extend within
four inches of a dividing partition, the keys of which shall be
delivered to the agent of the visiting club before the opening of
the grounds for each game ; and said agent of the visiting club
shall have full access to such turnstile, and the box of such
turnstile shall not be removed until after the close of the seventh
innings, and in case a carriage gate is used a ticket for each
person admitted through such gate shall at once be delivered to
the agent of the visiting club. No person shall be admitted
free to the grounds during or prior to such game or the hour
appointed therefor, excepting only players of contesting clubs,
policemen in uniform, the umpires and the necessary employes
of the home club. The visiting club shall have the right to
accept the turnstile count for each and all games, or to count
all tickets. Each club shall be required to use for its business
a substantial pasteboard ticket, which can be readily counted.
SEC. 51. No chili shall be allowed to have more than four
entrances to its grounds except upon holidays, but for all such
days the visiting club shall be given at least ten days' notice of
the whole number and location of additional entrances ; pro-
Tided, however, emergency gates may be opened by consent of
the visiting club if occasion requires.
STOPPING PLAY TO CATCH TRAINS.
Sec. 52. On any day when either club is required to leave a
city to, or in order to reach another city in lime, where it is
scheduled to play its next game, the home club shall be com-
pelled upon proper notice by the visiting club to begin the game
three hours and a half before the time of the departure of the
last train by means of which either club can reach the next
scheduled point in time. And either club may leave the field
at any time within one hour of said train time without forfeiting
any rights or privileges, provided five innings on each side
have been played, and the Umpire shall be the sole judge of
GIVING OUT RAIN CHECKS.
Sec. 53. In the event of a game being stopped by rain or
declared forfeited before completion of five innings, the home
club may issue rain checks, good for any succeeding game. If
rain checks are so issued the visiting club shall not be entitled
to its percentage of receipts; but if rain checks are not issued,
the visiting club shall be entitled to its percentage of receipts,
precisely as if the game had been fully played.
ON FORFEITED GAMES.
Sec. 54. A club shall be entitled to forfeited games — to
count in its series as games won by a score of nine runs to none
— in case where the umpire in any championship game shall
award the game to such club on account of the violation by the
contesting club of any section of this Constitution or of any
playing rule; and in the event of such forfeiture being caused
by the withdrawal of the players during the progress of the
game, or by a failure to report with its team at the time fixed
for the game, unless written notice lias been received from the
home club that the game cannot be played, then such forfeiting
club shall incur a penalty of one thousand dollars, and in the
event of forfeiture for any other cause, five hundred dollars,
which shall be payable to the Secretary of the League within
leu days thereafter for the use and benefit of the non-offending
club, but said fine may be remitted or modified upon appeal t"
and a hearing by the Board of Directors. In addition to the
penalty above referred to, the captain or manager, or the per-
son in charge of the offending team and responsible for the
team leaving the field, shall incur a penalty of one hundred
dollars, which shall be paid within five days to the Secretary of
the League, said penalty not to be remitted under any circum-
stances. In case such penalties are not paid within the time
named, the club and player cannot participate in a champion-
ON DRAWN GAMES.
Sec. 55. Drawn, tie and postponed games shall not count in
the series as games (but any game of not less than five innings
shall be included in the averages), but must be played off, if
possible, as provided in Section 45. If they cannot be played
off, as therein provided, they may subsequently be played off,
if sufficient time exists before the close of the season.
Double games for one admission shall not be permitted unless
previously scheduled as such or rendered compulsory by the
playing off of postponed games, as provided in Section 45.
WINNING THE PENNANT.
SEC. 56. The club which shall have won the greatest per-
centage of games in the championship series, shall be declared
the champion club of the United States for the season in which
such games were played. In the event that two or more clubs
shall have won the same percentage of games, then the Board
shall at once arrange a special series of three games between
any two of such clubs, such games to be played at th close of
the championship season, and the games so played shall be
included in the championship record, and counted in determin-
ing the award of the championship. In such case only the
provisions of this Constitution prohibiting the playing or re-
cording as championship games, games played after the expira-
tion of the championship season, shall have no effect. The
emblem of the championship shall be a pennant (of the National
colors) to cost not less than one hundred dollars ($100). It
shall be inscribed with the motto, "Champion Base Ball Club
of the United States," with the name of the club and the year
in which the title was won, and the champion club shall be
entitled to fly the pennant until the close of the ensuing year.
DECIDING THE CHAMPIONSHIP.
Sec. 57. The championship shall be decided in the following
Within twenty-four hours after every match game played for
the championship, the home club shall prepare and forward to
the Secretary of the League a statement containing the full
score of the game, according to the system specified in the
playing rules, together with the dale, the place where played,
the nanus of the clubs and umpire, provided that no tie or
drawn game shall be considered a ganu- for any purpose except
the averages; and provided, further, that in any case where the
Secretary shall not receive the score of a championship game
within five days after the playing of such game, the club whose
duty it is to forward such score shall pay to the League the
sum of $2 as the penalty of such default.
At the close of the season the Secretary shall prepare a tabu-
lar statement of the games won and lost by each club, accord-
ing to the statement so sent him, which statement shall be the
sole evidence in the matter, and submit the same, with the
statements so sent him, to the Board, who shall make the
award in writing and report the same to the League at its an-
In making the award the Board shall consider :
(i) The tabular statement of the Secretary.
(2) Forfeited games.
(3) Games participated in by clubs which have withdrawn,
disbanded, or forfeited their membership without completing
their championship series with all other League clubs ; such
games shall be counted to the following extent : The Board
shall ascertain the least number of championship games played
by such club with any club remaining in the League, and shall
from the first game participated in during the championship
series by such retired club, count in the series of each League
club a similar number of games, and all other games partici-
pated in by such retired club shall not be counted in the cham-
pionship series. Provided, that if such retired club shall have
failed to play at least one championship game with every
League club, all games participated in by it shall be thrown
Sec. 58. The annual meeting of the League shall be held on
the second Tuesday in December of each year, at 2 o'clock
i>. m., ami at such places as shall have been determined by a
vote at the previous annual meeting.
Sec. 59. At such meeting each club shall be represented and
shall be entitled to two representatives, and to have in addition
thereto any of its officers or ex-officers present at such meeting ;
but no club shall be permitted to send as a representative any
person under contract or engagement as a ball player or man-
ager, and belonging to the nine of said club in such capacity.
They shall present a certificate from the President or Secretary
of their club, showing their authority to act, but no club shall
have more than one vote.
the league sessions.
Sec. 60. This League may, upon a majority vote of its mem-
bers, elect to go into executive session for the transaction of its
business, and during such sessions no club shall be entitled to
more than two (2) representatives.
Sec. 61. Special meetings may be called by the President
of this League on his own option or on the written call of six
ORDER OF BUSINESS.
Sec. 62. A representation of a majority of clubs shall consti-
tute a quorum for the transaction of business, but a less num-
ber may adjourn from time to time until a quorum is obtained.
SEC. 63. The following .shall be the order of business, unless
suspended by a three-fourths vote of the club members:
1. Reading Minutes of last meeting.
2. Report of Board of Directors.
3. Report of Committees.
4. Election of new members.
5. Amendment of Constitution.
6. Amendment of Playing Rules.
7. Election of Officers.
8. Miscellaneous business.
Sec. 64. (1) The Constitution of this League may be altered
or amended by a three-fourths vote of the League at any annual
meeting, or by a unanimous vote at any other time. Provided,
however, that this section and Sections 3, 8, 48 and 49 shall
not be altered or amended except by a unanimous vote of this
(2) Any section of this Constitution may be suspended or its
provision made non-applicable by unanimous vote at a League
Of Professional Base Ball Associations Adopted by the National
Board of Arbitration February 24, 1 896.
The National Agreement of
Article 1. This instrument shall be called *
Professional Base Hall Associations."
Article 2. The objects of this Agreement arc :
1. To perpetuate base ball as the national game of America, and to sur-
round it with such safeguards as to warrant absolute public confidence in its
integrity and methods.
2. To promote and afford protection to such minor Professional Base Ball
Leagues and Associations as may desire to operate under its provisions.
THE GOVERNING POWER.
Article 3. The governing power under this Agreement, which shall be
called *' The National Beard of Arbitration," shall be vested in six repre-
sentatives selected by the National League and American Association of
Professional Base Ball Clubs (hereinafter designated the Major League), and
such representatives from minor organizations of Professional Base Ball
Clubs (hereinafter designated Minor Leagues) as may be admitted to mem-
bership by the National Board of Arbitration from time to time under the
rules governing membership.
THE ANNUAL MEETING.
Article 4. The annual meeting of the National Board shall l.c held on
the Second Tuesday in I >._•< miber of each year, al which time the- represen-
tatives eta [.--1 i.y t he major League shall elect a President, Secretary and
Treasurer of the Board.
DUTIES AND AUTHORITY OF THE NATIONAL HOARD.
Article 5.— 1. The general enforcement of this Agreement, the protection
of rights thereunder, the determination of all controversies as hereinafter
provided and generally the regulation of all things within the scope of this
Agreement are each and severally conferred upon and committed to the
National Board of Arbitration.
2. The Board may adopt rules and regulations prescribing the duties of
each and all of its members and officers, its methods of procedure and the
general transaction of its business.
3. It shall be the duty of the Board and it shall have full and final juris-
dt 1 'on :
To hear and determine all disputes and complaints between associations
and clubs ; between one club and another, members of the same or of
different associations; between clubs and players or managers, and, in
addition thereto, all disputes and complaints arising under and of all matters
involving the interpretation of the National Agreement or the disposition of
the rights thereunder, and may hold special meetings for these purposes
when required. The Board shall have power also to pass upon any question
brought before it by a club member or members of any organization, where
unjust discrimination has been made against any club or clubs, and, if upon
a hearing, the Board finds that such charge or charges are true, it shall have
the power to impose such fines or penalties as it deems proper, or to forfeit
and terminate the privileges of such organization under this agreement.
POWER TO IMPOSE FINES.
4. In the performance of its duties the Board shall have power to impose
fines or penalties upon associations, clubs, club officers, players, managers,
scorers and umpires, and to suspend any such organization or person from
the protection and privileges of the National Agreement in any instance in
which, in its opinion, it or he shall have been guilty of conduct detrimental
to the general welfare of the game or in violation of the letter or spirit of the
5. Its decision shall be final over any and all matters within its jurisdic-
REI N STAT E M E NTS.
6. It may reinstate any person or body suspended.
7. It shall have power to make such reasonable assessments upon clubs or
associations as may be necessary to defray the expenses incidental to the
performance of its duties and the enforcement of this Agreement.
RULES AND REGULATIONS*
8. It may make all orders, rules and regulations for the performance of its
duties and the exercise of its power, and to accomplish the purpose Is view,
may amend and supplement the same from time to time ; provided, notice
of all changes, amendments or supplements be given to all organizations
party to this agreement.
0. It may cause its proceedings or rulings, or any part thereof, in any case
which may be deemed of sufficient importance to serve as a precedent, to be
published in such a manner as may be prescribed.
PRESENTATION OF CLAIMS.
10. Whenever any body or persons shall desire to submit any matter for
the consideration of the l!u:inl, i i shall be presented to the chairman by a
concise statement thereof, and accompanied by such evidence as may be in
support of such statement. Notice shall be given to any other body or per-
son interested in the matter to make answer and to present appropriate evi-
dence in support thereof.
MINOR LEAGUE MEMBERSHIP.
ARTICLE fi. An application for membership and protection under this
Agreement must be made in writing or by telegraph to the Secretary of the
Board. If made by telegraph it must stale the name of the League, the cities
comprising the circuit and have the signature of the President of the League,
which must be followed within ten days by a written application to the Sec-
retary of the Board stating the name of the League, the cities comprising
the circuit, the representatives of the respective cities, the location of their
business offices and playing grounds, if practical, the monthly salary limit
for its club teams and maximum monthly salary limit of its players, a pledge
or agreement for the maintenance of said salary limit and the faithful per-
formance of its obligations under this Agreement, its own Constitution and
By-Laws and its other contractual obligations, which club membership,
location of club offices and playing grounds, salary limit, Constitution,
Agreements, By-Laws and pledges, shall not, after approval by the Board,
be changed, modified, altered or released without the assent of the Board.
CLASSIFICATION OF MEMBERSHIP.
Article 7. The Board, upon the receipt of an application for protection and
membership under this Agreement, shall, after consideration and approval,
determine the class under which the applicant shall be admitted, the said
classification to be based upon the average population of the cities compos-
ing the League according to the last published U. S. Census preceding the
application, and membership fee shall be an amount fixed by the I
for Leagues of that class.
MINOR LEAGUE REPRESENTATION.
Article 8. Each Minor League shall be entitled to one representative of
its own selection, who shall have the right to appear before the Board upon
any or all matters pertaining to its interest or welfare, but the Hoard may,
at its discretion, invite additional representation in the adjustment of any
matter which may be brought before it.
FEE FOR PROTECTION AND MEMBERSHIP.
Article 9. The fee for membership and protection under (his Agreement,
with the right of reservation subject to Articles 10 and 11 shall be :
For each Club in ("lass A the sum of $75.
For each Club in Class B the sum of $50.
For each Club in Class C the sum of $40.
For each Club in Class D the sum of $30.
For each Club in Class E the sum of $20.
For each Club in Class F the sum of $10.
Such payments to be made within thirty days from the date of filing tbt
written application for membership.
SELECTION OF PLATERS BY THE MAJOR LEAGUE.
Article 10. For the purpose of enabling players to advance in their pro-
fession, the Major League may, at any time after the first of October of each
year, and prior to the first of January following, with the consent of the
Board, negotiate with any player then under contract or reservation to a
minor league under this Agreement, and shall have the right to select such
player, upon payment to the Secretary of the Board the stun specifiedin
Article 12, provided that no such selection shall be enforced and no transfer
of a player shall be made unless he shall receive an increase of salary.
SELECTION OF PLAYERS BY MINOR LEAGUES.
Article 11. For the purpose of enabling players to advance in their pro-
fusion and to assist in building up clubs of minor leagues, a club of a higher
class shall have the right, with the consent of the Board, after January 1 of each
year, and prior to the first of February following, to select players from a
league in a lower class upon payment to the Secretary of the Hoard the sum
specified in Article 12, provided that no such selection shall be enforced, and
no transfer of a player shall be made unless be shall receive an increase of
TERMS FOR SELECTION OF PLAYERS.
Article 12— Sec. 1. Clubs from a high class selecting players from
leagues of a lower class shall pay to the Secretary of the Board for the
benefit and account of the club from which the Selection is made the follow-
ing sums, viz.:
For Players in Class A, $500.
For Players in Class H, $300.
For Players in Class C, $200.
For Players in Class D, $100.
For Players in Class K, $75.
For Players in Class K, $60.
Sec. 2. Payments must be made at the time of selection, and unless such
payment be withdrawn and the selection cancelled by the selecting club
within thirty days from the date of selection, the Secretary of the Hoard
shall remit to the club the amount received by him on account of such
Skc. 3. Any club entitled to make selection of a player and desiring to do
so, shall notify the Secretary of the Hoard staling ihe name of the player
and of the club with which he is under contract and reservation and -
tng amount specified In Section 1, Article 12, to be paid for such release.
The Secretary shall thereupon notify the club or league from which such
selection is to be made and shall order his transfer to the selecting club.
Notice of such selection and transfer shall thereupon be promulgated.
ASSIGNMENT OF UNDEVELOPED PLAYERS.
Article 13. For the purpose of retaining control of undeveloped but
promising players whose releases have been purchased, all Leagues, parties
to this Agreement, may, priorto the opening of its championship season,
assign Us surplus players to a club member of any other League party to this
Agreement, upon mutual agreement between the clubs interested; providing
no other club member of the League From which the assignment is to be
desires such player at the terms of such purchase. Notice of such
transfers and assignments and the conditions governing must be filed with
the Secretary of the Board, and tbe salary of the player must not be less
than the salary limit adopted by the league to whicb he lias been assigned.
A in*. 11. Any club member of the major league may at any time between
April 1 and October 1 negotiate with a club member of a minor league,
parly to this Agreement, for the release of a player from minor to major
league, to take effect after October 1 of the tame year, or for an immediate
release If the Constitution of such minor league permits", and such release
shall at once be filed with and promulgated by the Secretary of the Board
and become binding upon both clubs party to the transfer.
Art. 15. Any club member of a minor league, party to this Agreement,
may at any time during its championship season negotiate for the immediate
release of a player from a club member of another league where the league
constitution of the releasing club permits, and such release, if secured, shall,
when filed with the Secretary of the Board, become binding upon both clubs
party to the transfer, providing the salary of the player so transferred dur-
ing the championship season shall not be reduced during the balance of the
season unless he be given an unconditional release.
Article 16. Contracts between clubs and players shall be in writing in
the form approved by the Board. An informal contract, whether evidenced
by telegram or other writing, shall be valid for a period not exceeding
thirty days, but a formal contract must be tendered by the contracting club
to the contracting player within said thirty days. The failure of the club
to so tender such formal contract will release the player from all contractual
obligations thereunder, and the refusal of the player to execute such formal
contract, when so tendered, shall extend the validity of his informal contract
until he shall execute said formal contract.
Article 17. No club shall at any time enter into negotiations or contract
with any player under contract to or reservation by another club without
the latter's consent, under such fines and penalties as the Hoard may inflict.
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP.
Article 18. Applications for membership by minor leagues desiring
protection under this Agreement must be made each year to the Secretary
of the Board, as provided in Article 6.
TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP.
Article 19. All rights under this Agreement shall terminate on the first
day of October unless renewed between the fifteenth and twenty-fifth of
September of each year, according to Article 18.
* NEW LEAGUES.
Article 20. Newly organized leagues may ask for and be admitted to
membership at any time, but such membership shall terminate on the first
of October following unless renewed according to Article 19.
Artici.eSI. On or before the 25th clay of September in each year the
secretaries of minor leagues, parties hereto, entitled to the privilege of
reservation, shall transmit to the Secretary of the Board a reserve list of
players, not exceeding fourteen in number, then under contract with each of
its several club members for the current season, and in addition thereto a
list of such players reserved in any prior annual reserve list who have re-
fused to contract with sucli clubs and of all inedible players. Such play-
ers, together with all others thereafter to be regularly contracted with by
such clubs, are and shall be ineligible to contract with any other club of any
league, except as herein prescribed. The Secretary of said Hoard shall
thereupon promulgate such lists, provided that no club shall be permitted to
reserve any player while in arrears of salary to him.
RELEASE FROM RESERVATION.
Articlk 22. The Board may also release from contract or reservation any
player or manager when the club with which he has contracted, or by which
he has been reserved, shall be in arrears to him for salary for more than
fifteen days after such salary became due, or when the reserving club has
failed to tender to any player, on or before the first day of March, after such
reservation, a formal contract, with a salary of at least such an amount per
month as the Board may fix as the minimum salary to be paid to such player,
or when any such reserving club has transferred its membership after the
close of the championship season to a different league, if the Board shall
deem that the player will be prejudiced by such transfer.
INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN CONFLICT WITH THE
Article 23— Sec. 1. Any club member of any Minor league or associa-
tion, a party to or identified with the National Agreement, that shall enter
into any negotiation to become a member of or in any way co-operate with
any organization of professional base ball clubs whose existence will in any
manner conflict with the letter and spirit of this Agreement or the interests
of any of the clubs operating under it, shall forthwith forfeit all rights and
privileges conferred by this Agreement, said forfeiture to include its mem-
bership w any association a party to this Agreement, and all rights of reser-
vation to players reserved during the current or any preceding season. The
penalty herein imposed shall be positive and final and shall not be revoked
unless by the unanimous consent of the Board or upon appeal by a three-
fourths vote of the major league.
Sec. 2. Any officer, manager or player who shall enter into any suc^
negotiations as referred to in Section 1 of Article 23, or who shall agree or
contract to play with any club a member of such organization shall be de-
clared ineligible and subject to all the disabilities referred to in the preced-
Article 24. When a player or manager under contract or reservation by
any club of an association party hereto shall be expelled, suspended or ren-
dered ineligible in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement or the
rules of such association, notice of such disqualification shall be given to the
Board by the secretary of the association from whose club the player
may have been thus disqualified, and the Board shall forthwith give notice
of such disqualification to the several leagues acting under this Agreement.
When a player shall become ineligible under the provisions of this Agree-
ment, or by order of the Board, the Secretary of the Board shall notify the
several clubs acting under this Agreement of Bticfa disqualification. From
the receipt of any such notice all club members of associations acting under
this Agreement shall be debarred from employing or playing with or against
disqualified player until the period of disqualification shall have ter.
minated or the disqualification he revoked by the association from which
such player was disqualified or by the Board, and due notice of such revo-
cation shall be given by the Board to the said several clubs.
SUSPENSION OF PLATERS.
Article 25. Any player who has entered into a contract with any club
of an association party hereto may be suspended without pay or fined by
such club or association for breach of contract or breach of any of the rules
of such club or association, and be shall thereafter be ineligible to sign or
play during the remainder of the current season with any of the clubs of any
association acting hereunder, unless such disability shall have been sooner
removed by the club or association by which he was suspended or by th«
ACCEPTANCE OF SERVICE.
Article 20. Upon the release of a player from contract or reservation
with any club member of an association then acting under this Agreement
(unless the release be made by " selection " under Article 10 or 11), the ser-
vices of such player shall at once be subject to acceptance by any club
belonging to the same association, expressed in writing or by telegraph to
the Secretary of the Board, for a period of ten days after notice of said
release ; and, thereafter, if said services be not so accepted, said player may
negotiate and contract with any club. The releasing club shall send notice
to the Secretary of the Board of said player's release on the date thereof,
and the latter shall promulgate any acceptance of his services. Provided
that the disbandment of a club or its expulsion from membership in either
association acting hereunder shall operate as a release of all of its players
from contract with or reservation by said club. But the services of such
players shall at once be subject to the acceptance of such association for a
period of ten days for the purpoie of supplying the vacancy in its membership.
CONTROL AND DISCIPLINE.
Article 27. Each association shall have the right to make and enforce
all rules and regulations pertaining to the control, discipline and compensa-
tion of all players under contract with its club members. And it may pre-
scribe that all contracts with its players shall be made directly with said
association, assignable to its club members, with the right of reservation to
be exclusively exercised by said association, in which event all the provisions
of this Agreement applying to contracts or reservation of players with and
by club members, shall apply to such contracts and reservation of players
with and by said association ; provided that such rules and regulations shall
in no way conflict with the provisions of this Agreement, or any rule, regula-
tion or order of the Board.
Article 28. Each minor league whose application for membership under
this Agreement has been accepted by the Board shall have exclusive contro
of its own territory until the termination of its membership, and no cluh
from any other league party to this Agreement shall be allowed to play s.
game in any city of its circuit without the consent of the club representing
such city, nor shall any club member of a minor league party hereto be
allowed to play a game within five miles of any city in which islocated a
club member of the major league without the consent of such club.
I\i i [GIBLE PLAYERS.
Article 29. No game shall be played between any club of any league
acting hereunder, or any of its players under contract or reservation, with
any club containing an ineligible player ; nor with a club that has played
with another club containing such ineligible player. A violation of this sec-
tion shall subject each offender to fine, suspension or expulsion, in the
discretion of the Hoard.
TRANSFER OF PLATERS.
Article 30. Should a club of any association agree En writing or by tele-
graph with another club of an association, subject to the National Agreement,
for the release of any player then under contract or reservation with or by it,
in accordance with the rules governing, Lithur party may file said agreement
with the Secretary of the Board, and should any such club refuse to comply
with its said agreement, the Board may require said agreement to be complied
with, and may transfer the said player accordingly.
PAYMENTS OF SALARIES.
Article 31. Before any league shall be granted the privileges and protec-
tion of this Agreement, it shall enact laws or regulations debarring any of its
clubs from entering into contract with any player while under arrears of salary
to him, and from suspending or otherwise attempting to disqualify such player
for refusing to contract while it is so in arrears, and shall also provide for the
expulsion of any club for refusal to pay arrears of salary to a player when
required by said league or by the Board.
FORFEITURE OF RIGHTS.
Article 32. All rightsof any league hereunder shall be forfeited for fail-
ing to expel any of its club members that may play a game of ball except
under the Playing Rules adopted by the National League and Ameiican
Association of Professional Base Ball Clubs.
DEFINITION OF TERMS.
Article 33. The term "league or association" as herein used shall
mean and comprise an organization of professional base ball clubs of not less
than four clubs, whether known as a "league," "association," or by any
Article 84. This Agreement may be altered or amended at any time by
llie National League and A incrkan Association of Professional Base Hall
1 It shall take effect and be in force from and after February 24, 18iKS,
nnd all former Agreements are hereby revoked.
CLASSIFICATION OF LEAGUES TO BE GOVERNED BY THE AGGRE-
GATE POPULATION Of IMF, CITIES REPRESENTED.
Class A 1,000,000 I Class 1> 100,600 to 060,000
R 500,000 to 1,000,000 Class E 80,000 to 100.000
Class C 250,000 to 500,000 | Class F— Up to 50,000
RULES AND REGULATIONS.
The Rules and Regulations of the National
Board of Arbitration.
The following rules and regulations have been adopted by
the National Board of Arbitration, and are here given in order
that they may be understood by all those interested. The same
being adopted and to remain in force until repealed, altered,
added to or amended.
1. The duties of the President shall be as follows:
(a) To issue calls for meetings of the Hoard, and preside at
such meetings; having all powers with reference thereto which
are incident to a presiding officer.
(b) To rule upon and decide all incidental and routine mat-
ters presented for determination, with power to delegate this
duty to the Secretary or any member of the Hoard.
(c) To supervise the performance of the duties imposed upon
the other members of the Board.
((/) To see that each and all of the orders of this Board are
THE SECRETARY AND TREASURER.
2. The offices of the Secretary and Treasurer may be filled
by one and the same person, and the duties of such officer shall
be as follows:
(a) To receive, receipt for and disburse all moneys payable
to this Board, and to make all financial statements required by
the provisions of the National Agreement.
(li) To keep the records of the proceedings of the Board,
together with all the records required to be kept by the provi-
sions of the National Agreement.
(c) To issue all notices required by the National Agreement
to be issued.
(</) To give interpretation to the playing rules when requested
so to do, pursuant to the provisions of the National Agreement.
(<r) To receive all applications for membership under the
National Agreement, and to see that the applicants pay their
(/) To give notice of all fines ami penalties imposed by the
Board, and to see that the same are paid.
(i r ) To attend to such other matters as maybe required •>(
him by the Board, and to keep records of all the business and
duties connected with the Board.
RULES AND REGULATIONS.
The Chairman and the Secretary and Treasurer shall be
elected annually at some metting after the first of January, and
shall hold until their successors are elected and qualify.
OPINIONS AND DECISIONS.
Whenever any controversy or matter to be submitted to the
Board of adjustment or decision shall be forwarded, together
with all evidence and documents therewith connected, to the
Secretary and Treasurer, he shall, after submitting the same to
the Board, promulgate or publish the opinion, which must be
prepared by the Chairman or such other member of the Board
as he shall designate.
SELECTION OF PLAYERS.
Whenever any player shall be "selected" by more than one
club, the Board will award him to the club which shall have
first filed formal notice with the Secretary that it desires the
services of said player. Such notice, however, must be accom-
panied by the deposit required by the provisions of the National
Agreement, otherwise such notice will be of no effect and void.
A player so awarded shall be ineligible to sign with any other
club, and upon declining to abide by the decisions of the Board,
may be included in the regular list of reserved players of the
club selecting him, as per the provisions of Article 21 of the
Whenever the services of any player released under the pro-
visions of ihe National Agreement are accepted by any club or
association, authorized so to do by the provisions of such
agreement, notice thereof shall be at once given to the Secre-
tary, who shall accordingly promulgate the fact.
All expenses of the Board, including compensation to the
Secretary and Treasurer, or to any other agent, officer or
member of the Board for special work performed, telegraphing,
postage and such other expenses as shall be allowed, must be
paid by check of the Secrecary and Treasurer and vouchers
taken thereof, which vouchers shall be submitted at least once
a year to the Board for examination and approval.
THE NATIONAL BOARD
OFFICE: WASHINGTON, I). C.
MEMBERS OF THE BOARD:
N. K. 5fOUNG, - - President, Secretary and Treasurer,
1417 <; Street, Washington, 1). C.
A. II. Soden, - - 410 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Mess.
John T. Brush, - [ndianapolis, Iml.
F. DeH. Robison, Cleveland, O.
fAMi:s A. Hart, - - Fisher Building, Chicago, 111,
CORRECT DIAGRAM OF \ BALL FIELD.
NOTE.— For Specifications See Roles From No. 2 to No. 12.
Cbe Playing Ruk$
OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS
As Adopted by the National League and American Association
of Professional Base Ball Clubs.
Alterations and additions to the rules arc indicated !»y Italics.
Rule i. — The Ball Ground.
The Ground must be an inclosed field, sufficient in size to
enable each player to play in his position as required by these
To lay off the lines governing the positions and the play of
the game known as Base Ball, proceed as follows:
From a point, A, within the grounds, project a right line out
into the field, and at a point, B, 154 feet from point A, lay off
lines B C and B IJ at right angles to the line A B; then, with B
as centre and 63.63945 feet as radius, describe arcs cutting the
lines H A at V and' B C at G, B 1) at II and B E at 1. Draw
lines F G, G F, E II and II F, and said lines will be the con-
taining lines of the Diamond or Infield.
Rule 3. — The Catcher's Lines.
With F as centre and 90 feet radius, an arc cutting line F A
at I., and draw lines I, M ami L O at right angles to F A; and
continue same out from F A not less than 90 feet.
Rule 4. — The Foul Line.
From the intersection point, F, continue the straight UnesFG
and 1'* II until they intersect with the lines 1, M and 1. O, and
then from the points G and II in the opposite direction until
they reach the boundary lines of the grounds.
Rule 5. — The Players' Lines.
With F as centre and 50 feet radius, describe arcs cutting
lines F O and F M at I' and Q; then, with i as i nitre again
and 75 feet radius, describe arcs cutting F ('• and F II at R and
PLAYING K! I I'.H.
S; then from the points I', Q, R and S .haw lines at right
angles to the lines F 0, F M, F (1 and F H, and continue
same until they intersect at the points T and \V.
Rule 6. — The Captain and Coacher's Link.
With R and S as centres and 15 feet radius, describe arcs
cutting lines R W and S T at X and V, and from t he points X
and V draw lines parallel with lines F Hand F G, and con-
tinue same out to the boundary lines of the ground/
Rule 7.— The Three Foot Link.
Willi F as centre and 45 feet radius, describe an are cutting
line F G al I, and from 1 out to the distance of 3 feet draw a
line at righl angles to F (i, and marked point 2; then from
point 2, draw a line parallel with tint line F G to a point 3 feet
beyond the poinl (',, and marked 3; then from the point 3 draw
a line at right angles to line 2, 3, hack to and intersecting with
line K G, and from thence back along line (I I to point 1.
Rule 3.— The Pitcher's I'i.a i e.
With point F as centre and 60.5 feel as radius, describe an
in 1 uiting the line F 1! at a point 4, and draw a line 5, 6,
passing through point 4 and extending 12 inches on either side
of line F 11; then with line 5, 6, as a side, describe a parallelo-
gram 24 inches by 6 inches.
Rule 9.— Tun Rases.
Within the angle F, describe a square the sides of which
shall be 12 inches, (wo of its sides lying upon the lines 1'' G
and F II, ami within the angles G and II describe squares the
sid,s of which shall be 15 inches, the two outer sides oi -aid
square lying upon the lines F ('. and ti I and F II and II I, ami
at the angle F describe a square whose sides shall be 15 inches
and so described that its sides shall be parallel with (1 I and
I If and its centre immediately over the angular point E.
Rule 10. — The BATSMAN'S Line.
On either side of the line A F I! describe two parallelograms
feel long and 4 feet wide ( marked 8 and 9), 1 heir length being
parallel with the line A F I'., their distance apart being 6 inches
ell, d lo each end of the length of the diagonal of the square
within the angle F, and the centre of their length being upon
Rl IE 11.
The Home Base at F and the Pitcher's Plate at 4 must be of
whitened rubber, and so fixed in the ground as to be even with
The First liase at (1, t lie Second Base at E, and llio Third
Base at II must be of white canvas hags, filled with soft mate-
rial and securely fastened in their positions described in Rule 9.
The lines described in Rules 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10 musi be
marked with lime, chalk or other suitable material, so as to be
distinctly seen by the umpire.
NOTE. — for a simple way to lay off a ball field see addenda
to playing rules on page 55-
Rule 14. — The Ball.
SECTION i. Must not weigh less than five nor more than
five and one-quarter ounces avoirdupois, and it must measure
not less than nine nor more than nine and one-quarter inches in
circumference. The Spalding League Hall, or the Reach
American Association Ball, must be used in all games played
under these rules.
Ski". 2. For each championship game two regulation balls
shall be furnished by the home club to the umpire for use.
When the ball in play is batted to foul ground and out of sight
of the umpire, the other ball shall be immediately brought into
play. As often as one of the two in use shall be lost a new one
must be substituted, so that the umpire shall at all times after
the game begins have two balls in his possession and ready for
use. The moment the umpire delivers an alternate ball to the
pitcher, it comes into play, and shall not be exchanged until it,
in turn, passes out of sight to foul ground. At no time shall
the ball be intentionally discolored by rubbing it with the soil
or otherwise. In the event of a new ball being intentionally
discolored, or otherwise injured by a player, the umpire shall,
upon appeal from the captain of the opposite side, forthwith
demand the return of that ball, and shall substitute another
new ball ami impose a fine of $5.00 upon the offending player.
Sk<\ 3. In all games the balls played with shall be furnished
by the home club, and the last ball in play shall become the
property of the winning club. Each ball to be used in cham-
pionship games shall be examined, measured and weighed by
the Secretary of the League, inclosed in a paper box, and sealed
with the seal of the Secretary, which seal shall not be broken,
except by the umpire, in the presence of the captains of the two
contesting nines after play has been called.
The home club shall have, at least, a dozen regulation balls
on the field ready for use on the call of the umpire during each
Ski'. 4. Should the ball become cut or ripped so as to expose
the interior, or in any way so injured as to be, in the opinion
of the umpire, unfit for fair use, he shall, upon appeal by either
captain, at once put the alternate ball into play and call for a
Rule 15.— The Bat.
Must be entirely of hard wood, except that the handle may
be wound with twine or a granulated substance supplied, not to
exceed eighteen inches from the end.
It must be round, and it must not exceed two and three-
quarter inches in diameter in the thickest part, nor exceed
forty-two inches in length,
Rule 16. — The Players and Their Positions.
The players of each club in a game shall be nine in number,
one of whom shall act as captain, and in no case shall less than
nine men be allowed to play on each side.
The players' positions shall be such as may be assigned them
by their captain, except that the pitcher, while in the act of
delivering the ball to the bat, must take the position as defined
in Rules 8 and 29.
Players in uniform shall not be permitted to occupy seats on
the stands, or to stand among the spectators.
SECTION I. Every club shall adopt uniforms for its players,
but no player shall attach anything to the sole or heel of his
shoes other than the ordinary base ball shoe plate.
SEC. 2. The catcher and first baseman arc permitted to wear
a ^love or mitt of any size, shape or weight. All other players
are restricted to the use of a glove or mitt weighing not over
len ounces, and measuring in circumference, around the palm
of the hand, not over fourteen inches.
Rule 20. — Players' Benches.
SECTION I. The players' benches must be furnished by the
home club and placed upon a portion of the ground outside of
and not nearer than 25 feet to the players' lines. One such
bench must be for the exclusive use of the visiting club, and
one for th" exclusive use of the home club. All players <>f the
side at the bat must be seated on their bench, except such as
are legally assigned to coach base-runners, and also the bats-
man except when called to the bat by the umpire, and under
no circumstances shall the umpire permit any person, except
the club president, managers and players in uniform to occupy
seats on the benches.
SEC. 2. To enforce this rule the captain of the opposite side
may call the attention of the umpire to a violation, whereupon
the umpire shall immediately order such player or players to be
seated. If the order is not obeyed within one minute the
offending player or players shall be debarred from further
participation in the game, and shall be obliged to leave the
playing field forthwith.
Rule 21. — The Game,
Section i. Every championship game must be commenced
not later than two hours before sunset.
SEC. 2. A game shall consist of nine innings to each con-
testing nine, except that
(a.) If the side first at bat scores less runs in nine innings
than the other side has scored in eight innings, the game shall
(//.) If the side last at bat in the ninth innings scores the
winning run before the third man is out, the game shall
Rule 22. — A Tie Game.
If the score be a tie at the end of the nine innings, play
shall be continued until one side has scored more runs than the
other in an equal number of innings, provided, that the side-
last at bat scores the winning run before the third man is out,
the game shall terminate.
RULE 23. — A I)ka\v\ Came.
A drawn game shall be declared by the umpire when he
terminates a game on account of darkness or rain, after live
equal innings have been played, if (he score al the time is equal
on the last even innings played; except when the side that
went second to bat is then at the bat. and has scored the same
number of runs as the other side, in which case the umpire
shall declare the game drawn without regard to the score of
the last equal innings.
Rule 24. — A Called Came.
If the umpire calls "Game" on account of darkness or rain
at any time after five innings have been completed, the score
PLAYING R01 ES.
shall be that of the last equal innings played, except, thai (he
side second at bal shall have scored one or more runs than i In-
side first at bat, in which case the score of the game shall be
the total number of runs mack-.
Rule 25.— a Forfei t en Game.
A forfeited game shall be declared by the umpire in favor of
the club not in fault, at the request of such club, in the follow-
Section t. If the nine of a club fail to appear upon the
field, or being upon the field, fail to begin the game within five
minutes after the umpire has called "Play" at the hour
appointed for the beginning of the game, unless such delay in
appearing, or in commencing the game, be unavoidable.
Sec. 2. If, after the game has begun, one side refuses or
fails to continue playing, unless such game lias been suspended
or terminated by the umpire.
Sec. 3. if, after play has been suspended by the umpire,
one side fails to resume playing within one minute after the
umpire has called •' Play."
SEC, 4. If a team resorts to dilatory movements to delay
Sic. 5. If, in the opinion of the umpire, any one of the
rules of the games is wilfully violated.
Sec. 6. If, after ordering the removal of a player, as author-
ized by Rules 20, 52 and 61, said order is not obeyed within
Sec, 7- If because of removal of players from the game by
the umpire, there be less than nine players in either team.
Sec. 8. If when two games art scheduled to be played on the
Sinn,' afternoon, the second game In- not commenced within ten
minutes of the time of completion of the firstgame. The umpire
of the fust game shall be the timekeeper.
SEC. 9. In case the umpire declares the game forfeited, he
shall transmit a written notice thereof to the president of the
League within twenty-four hours thereafter. However, a fail-
ure on the part of the umpire to so notify the president shall
not affect his decision declaring the game forfeited.
Rule 26. — No Game.
"No game" shall be declared by the umpire if he shall
terminate play on account of rain or darkness before five innings
on each side are completed. Except in a case when the game is
called, and the club second at bal shall have more runs at the
end of its fourth innings than the club first at bat has made in
its live completed innings; in such case the umpire shall award
the game to the club having made the greatest number of runs,
and it shall be a legal game and be so counted in the cham-
Rule 27.- — Substitutes.
Section i. In every championship game each side shall be
required to have present on the field, in uniform, a sufficient
number of substitute players to carry out the provision which
requires that not less than nine players shall occupy the field
in any innings of a game.
Skc. 2. Any such player may be substituted at any time by
either club, but a player thereby retired shall not thereafter
participate in the game.
Skc. 3. The base-runner shall not have a substitute run for
him except by the consent of the captains of the contesting
Rule 28. — Choice of Innings — Condition of Ground.
The choice of innings shall be given to the captain of the
home club, who shall also be the sole judge of the fitness of the
ground for beginning a game after rain, but, after play has been
called by the umpire, he alone shall be the judge as to the fit-
ness of the ground for resuming play after the game has been
suspended on account of rain.
Rule 29. —The Pitcher's Position.
The pitcher shall take bis position facing the batsman with
both feet square on the ground, and in front of the pitcher's
plate; but in the act of delivering the ball to the bat, one foot
must be in contact with the pitcher's plalc, defined in Rule
8. He shall not raise either foot, unless in the act of deliver-
ing the ball to the bat, nor make more than one step in suck
Rule 30. — A Fairly Delivered Ball.
A Fairly Delivered liall to the bat is a ball pitched or thrown
to the bat by the pitcher while standing in his position and
facing the batsman, the ball so delivered to pass over any por-
tion of the home base not lower than the batsman's knee nor
higher than his shoulder.
Rule 31.— An Unfairly Delivered Ball,
An Unfairly Delivered Hall is a ball delivered by the pitcher,
as in Rule 30, except that the ball does not pass over any
portion of the home base, or does pass over the home base,
above the batsman's shoulder or below the line of his knee.
Rule 32.— Balking.
A Balk shall be :
Section i. Any motion made by the pitcher to deliver the
ball to the bat without delivering it.
SEC. 2. Any delivery of the ball to the bat « bile bis ( pivot)
fool is not in contact with the pitcher's plate, as defined in
SEC. 3. Any motion in delivering the ball to the bat by the
pitcher while not in the position denned in Rule 20.
SEC. 4. The holding of the ball by the pitcher so long as,
in the opinion of the umpire, to delay the game unnecessarily.
SEC. 5. Standing in position and making any motion to
pilch without having the ball in his possession, except in the
case of a " block-ball," as provided by Rule 35, section 2.
When the pitcher feigns to throw the ball to a base be must
resume the above position and pause momentarily before
delivering the ball to the bat.
If the pitcher fails to comply with the requirements of this
rule the umpire must call "A balk."
SEC. 0. The making of any motion the pitcher habitually
makes in his method of delivery, without his immediately
delivering the ball to the bat.
Sec. 7. If the pitcher feigns to throw the ball to a base and
does not resume his legal position and pause momentarily before
delivering the ball to the bat.
Rule 33. — Dead Balls.
A Dead Ball is a ball delivered to the bat by the pitcher that
touches any part of the batsman's person or clothing while
standing in his position without being struck at, or that
touches any part of the umpire's person or clothing while he is
standing on foul ground without first passing the catcher.
In case of a foul strike, foul hit ball not legally caught out,
dead ball, or base-runner put out for being struck by a fair-bit
ball, the ball shall not be considered in play until it is held by
the pitcher standing in his position and the umpire shall have
Rule 35. — Block Balls.
Section I. A Block is a batted or thrown ball that is
touched, stopped or handled by any person not engaged in the
Si, 1'. 2. Whenever a block occurs the umpire shall declare
it and the base-runners may run the liases without being put
out until the ball has been returned to and held by the pitcher
standing in his position.
Sec. 3. In the case of a Mock, if the person not engaged in
the game should retain possession of the ball, or throw or kick
it beyond the reach of the fielders, the umpire should call
"Time" and require each base-runner 10 stop at the last base
touched by him until the ball be returned to the pitcher
standing in his position and the umpire shall have called
Rule 36. — The Batsman's Position— Ordek of Batting.
The batsmen must take their position within (he batsman's
lines, as defined in Rule to, in the order in which they are
named in tin- halting order, which batting order must be
submitted by the captains nf Hi teams to the umpire
before the game, and this batting order must be foil".'-. I
except in the case of a substitute player, in which case the
substitute must [akc the place of the original player in the
batting order. After the first inning the first striker in each
inning shall be the batsman whose name follows that of the
last man who has completed his turn — time at bat — in the
Section i. When their side goes to the bat the players
must immediately return u> the players' bench, as defined in
Rule 20, and remain there until the side is put out, except when
called to the bat or they become coachcrs or substitute base-
runners; provided, that the captain or one player only, except
that if two or more base-runners are occupying the bases then
the captain and player, or two players, may occupy the
space between the player's lines and the captain's lines to
Sec. 2. No player of the side "at bat," except when bats-
man, shall occupy any portion of the space within the catcher's
lines, as defined in Rule 3. The triangular space behind the
home base is reserved for the exclusive use of umpire, catcher
and batsman, and the umpire must prohibit any player of the
side "at bat" from crossing the same at any time while the
ball is in the hands of, or passing between, the pitcher 'and
catcher, while standing in their positions.
SEC. 3. The players of the side "at bat" must occupy the
portion of the field allotted them, but must speedily vacate any
thereof that may be in the way of the ball, or any
attempting to catch or field it.
Rule 38. — The Batting Rules.
Si noH i. A Fair Hit is a ball batted by the batsman
while he is standing within the lines of his position — that first
touches "fair" ground, or the person of a player, or the um-
pire, while standing on fair ground, and then settles on fair
ground before passing the line of firsl or third base.
SEC. 2. A Foul Hit is a similarly batted ball thai firsl
touches "foul" ground, or the person of a player, or the um-
pire, while standing on " foul " ground.
SEC. 3. Should such "fair hit" ball bound or roll to foul
ground, before passing the line of first or third base, and settle
on foul ground, it shall be declared by the umpire a foul ball.
SEC. 4. Should such "foul hit" ball bound or roll to fair
ground and settle there before passing the line of first or third
base, it shall be declared by the umpire a fair ball.
A foul tip is a ball balled by the batsman while standing
within the lines of his position that goes foul sharp from the
bat to the catcher's hands.
A bunt hit is a ball delivered by the pitcher to the batsman
who, while standing within the lines of his position, makes
a deliberate attempt to hit the ball so slowly within the infield
that it cannot be fielded in time to retire the batsman. If such
a "bunt hit" goes to foul ground a strike shall be called by
Rule 41. — Balls Batted Outside the Grounds.
When a batted ball passes outside the grounds, the umpire
shall decide it Fair should it disappear within, or Foul should
it disappear outside of the range of the foul lines, and Rule 38
is to be construed accordingly.
A fair balled ball that goes over the fence shall entitle the
batsman to a home run, except, that should it go over the fenci
at a less distance than two hundred and thirty-live (235) leel
from the home base, when he shall be entitled to two bases
only, and a distinctive line shall be marked on the fen© 11
Rule 43. — Strikes.
A Strike is:
SECTION I. A ball stunk at by the batsman without its
touching his bat; or,
SEC. 2. A fair ball legally delivered by the pitcher, but not
struck at by the batsman.
Sir. j. ,\ny intentional effort in hit the ball to foul ground,
also in the case of a "bunt hit," which sends the ball to loul
ground, either directly, or by bounding or rolling from fair
ground to foul ground, and which settles on foul ground.
SEC. 4. A ball struck at, if the ball touches any part of the
Sec. 5. A ball tipped by the batsman, and caught by the
catcher, within ten feet from home base.
A Foul Strike is a ball batted by the batsman when any part
of his person is upon ground outside the lines of the batsman's
Rule 45. — The Batsman Is Out.
The Batsman is Out:
Section i. If he fails to take his position at the bat in his
order of batting, unless the error be discovered and the proper
batsman takes his position before a time "at bat " is recorded;
and, in such case, the balls and strikes called must be counted
in the time "at bat" of the proper batsman, and only the
proper batsman shall be declared out, and no runs shall be
scored or bases run because of any act of I he improper batsman,
provided, this rule shall not take effect unless the out is declared
before the ball is delivered to the succeeding batsman. Should
batsman declared out by this rule be sufficient to retire the
side, the proper batsman the next innings is the player '.oho
would have come to bat hail the players been out by ordinary
Sec. 2. If he fails to take his position within one minute
after the umpire has called for the batsman.
SEC. 3. If he makes a foul hit other than a foul tip, as
defined in Rule 39, and the ball be momentarily held by a
fielder before touching the ground; provided, it be not caught
in a fielder's hat or cap, or touched by some object other than
a fielder before being caught.
Sec. 4. If he makes a foul strike.
Sec. 5. If he attempts to hinder the catcher from fielding or
throwing the ball by stepping outside the lines of his position,
or otherwise obstructing or interfering with the player.
Sec. 6. If, while the first base be occupied by a base-runner,
three strikes be called on him by the umpire, except when two
men are already out.
Sec. 7. If, after two strikes have been called, the batsman
obviously attempts to make a foul hit, as in Rule 43, section 3.
Sec. 8. If, while attempting a third strike, the ball touches
any part of the batsman's person, in which case base-runners
occupying liases shall return as prescribed in Rule 49, section 5.
Sec. 9. If he hits a fly bail that can be handled by an
infieldcr while first ami second bases are occupied, or first,
second and third with only one out. I'.i such case the umpire
shall, as soon as the hall is hit, declare infield Or outfield hit.
SEC. io. If the third strike is called in accordance with
section 4, Rule 43.
Sec. 11. The mornenl a batsman is declared out by the
umpire, he (the umpire) shall call for the batsman next in order
to leave his seat on the bench and take his position at the bat,
and such player of the batting side shall not leave his seat on
the bench until so called to bat, except as provided by Rule 37,
section 1, and Rule 52.
Rule 46. — When the Batsman Becomes a Base-Runner.
The Uatsman becomes a Base-Runner:
SECTION i. Instantly after he makes a fair hit.
SEC. 2. Instantly after four balls have been called by the
Six. 3. Instantly after three strikes have been declared by
Sec. 4. If, while he be a batsman, without making any
attempt to strike at the ball, his person or clothing be hit by a
ball from the pitcher; unless, in the opinion of the umpire, he
plainly avoids making any effort to get out of the way of the
ball from the pitcher, and thereby permits himself to be so hit.
Sec. 5. Instantly after an illegal delivery of a ball by the
.In illegal delivery of the ball is made if the pitcher's pivot
Jt'nt be not in contact with the rubier /•/ate at the time of the
delivery of the ball, or if he takes more than one step in delivery,
or if, after feigning to throw to a base, he fails to pause momen-
tarily before delivering the ball to the bat.
Rule 47. — Bases to be Touched.
The base-runner must touch each base in regular order, viz.,
first, second, third and home bases, and when obliged to return
(except OH a foul hit) must retouch the base or bases in reverse
order. He shall only be considered as holding a base after
touching it, and shall then be entitled to hold such base until
he has legally touched the next base in order or has been
legally forced to vacate it for a succeeding base-runner. J [ow-
ever, no base-runner shall score a run to count in the game
until the base-runner preceding him in the batting list (pro-
vided there has been such a base-runner who has not been put
out in that inning) shall have first touched home base without
being put out.
Rule 48. — Entitled to Bases.
The base-runner shall be entitled, without being put out, to
take ;he base in the following cases:
SECTION I. If, while he was batsman, the umpire called
SEC. 2. If Ihe umpire awards a succeeding batsman a base
on four balls, or for being hit with a pitched ball, or in case .if
an illegal delivery — as in Rule 46, section 5 — and the base-
runner is thereby forced to vacate the base held by him.
Sei . 3. If the umpire calls a "Balk."
SEC. 4. If a ball, delivered by the pitcher, pass the catcher,
and touch ihe umpire, or any fence or building within ninety
feet of the home base.
SEC. 5. If, upon a fair hit, the ball strikes the person or
clothing of the umpire on fair ground.
Sec. 6. If he be prevented from making a base by the
obstruction of an adversary, unless the latter be a fielder having
the ball in his hand ready to meet the base-runner.
SEC. 7- If the fielder stop or catch a batted ball with his hat
or any part of his uniform except his gloved hand.
ki i.h 49. — Returning to Bases.
The base-runner shall return to his base, and shall be entitled
to so return without being put out:
SECTION r. If the umpire declares a foul lip (as defined in
Rule 39), or any other foul hit not legally caught by a fielder.
Sec. 2. If the umpire declares a foul strike.
Sic. 3. If the umpire declares a dead ball, unless it be also
the fourth unfair ball and he be thereby forced to take the next
base, as provided in Rule 48, section 2.
Sec. 4. If the person or clothing of the umpire interferes
with the catcher, or he is struck by a ball thrown by the catcher
to intercept a base-runner.
Sec. 5. The base-runner shall return to his base if, while
attempting a strike, the ball touches any part of the batsman's
Rule 50. — When Base-Runners Are « >i 1.
The Base-Runner is Out ;
Section i. ff, after three strikes have been declared against
him while batsman ami Ihe catcher fail to catch the third
strike ball, he plainly attempts to hinder the catcher from
fielding the ball.
SEC. 2. If, Inning made a fair hit while batsman, such
fair hit ball be momentarily held by a fielder before touching
the ground, or any object Other than a fielder; PROVIDED, it be
not caught in a fielder's hat or cap.
l'I.A\ ING RULES.
Sec. 3. If, when the umpire has declared three strikes on
him while batsman, the third strike ball be momentarily held
by a fielder before touching the ground; PROVIDED, it lie not
caught in a fielder's hat or cap, or touch some object other than
a fielder before being caught.
SEC. 4. If, after three slrikes or a fair hit, he be touched
with the ball in the hand of a Beldei before he shall have
touched first base.
SEC. 5. If, after three strikes or a lair hit, the ball be
securely held by a fielder while touching first base with any
part of liis person before such base-runner touches first base.
SEC. (>. It, in running the last half of the distance from
home base to first base, while the ball is being fielded to first
base, he runs outside the three-fool lines, as defined in Rule 7,
unless to avoid a fielder attempting to field a batted ball.
SEC. 7. If, in running from first to second base, from second
to third base, or from third to home base, he runs more than
three feet from a direct line between such bases to avoid being
touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder; but in case a
fielder be occupying the base-runner's proper path in attempt-
ing to field a batted ball, then the base-runner shall run out of
the path, and behind said fielder, and shall not be declared out
for so doing.
SEC. 3. If he fails to avoid a fielder attempting to field a
batted ball, in the manner described in sections 6 and 7 of this
rule, or if he, in any way, obstructs a fielder attempting to field
a batted ball, or intentionally interferes with a thrown ball;
I '10 t\ ii.il), thai if two or more fielders alii nipt to field a batted
ball, and the base-runner comes in contact with one or more ol
them, the umpire shall determine which fielder is entitled to
the benefit of this rule, and shall not decide the base-runner
0111 for coming in contact with any other fielder.
SEC. 9. If, at any time while the ball is in play, he be
touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder, unless some part
of his person is touching a base he is entitled to occupy; PRO-
VIDED, the ball be held by the fielder after touching him.
SEC. 10. 'I he base-runner in running to first bast may over-
run said base, without being put out for being off said base,
after first touching it, provided he returns al once and re 1 ouches
the base, after which he may be put out as at any other base
If, in over-running first base, he also attempts to run to second
base, or alter passing (he base lie turns to his left from the
foul line, he shall forfeit such exemption from being pul OUt.
SEC. 11. If, when a fair or foul hit ball (other than a foul
lip as referred to in Rule 39) is legally caught by a fielder,
such ball is legally held by a fielder on the base occupied by
the base-runner when such ball was struck (or the base-runner
be touched with the ball in the hands of a fielder), before he
retouches said base after such fair or foul hit ball was so
caught; PROVIDED, that the base-runner shall not be out, in
such case, if, after the ball was legally caught as above, it be
delivered to the bat by the pitcher before the fielder holds it
on said base, or touches the base-runner with it; but if the
base-runner in attempting to reach a base, detaches it before
being touched or forced out, he shall be declared safe.
Sec. 12. If, when a batsman becomes a base-runner, the
first base, or the first and second bases, or the first, second and
third bases, be occupied, any base-runner so occupying 1
shall cease to be entitled to hold it, until any following liase-
runner is put out, and may be put out at the next base, ot by
being touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder in the same
manner as in running to first base at any time before any follow-
ing base-runner is put out.
Sec. 13. If a fair hit ball strike him before touching the
fielder, and, in such case, no base shall be run unless forced by
the batsman becoming a base-runner, and no run shall be
scored or any other base-runner put out.
Sec. 14. If, when running to a base, or forced to return to
a base, lie fail to touch the intervening base, or bases, if any,
in the order prescribed in Rule 47, he may be put out at the
base he fails to touch, or being touched by the bail in the
hands of the fielder in the same manner as in running to first
base; PROVIDED, that the base-runner shall not be out in such
case if the ball be delivered to the bat by the pitcher before the
fielder holds it on said base, or touches the base-runner with it.
Sec. 15. If, when the umpire calls "Play," after any sus-
pension of a game, he fails to return to and touch the base he
occupied when "Time" was called before touching the next
base; Provided, the base-runner shall not be out, in such case,
if ihe ball be delivered to the bat by the pitcher before fhe
fielder holds it on said base or touches the base-runner with it.
Rule 51. — When Batsman or Base-Runner is out.
The umpire shall declare tin- batsman or base-runner out,
without waiting for an appeal for such decision, in all cases
where such player is put out in accordance with these rules,
except as provided in Rule 50, sections 10 and 14.
Rule 52. — Coaching Rules,
The Coacher shall be restricted to coaching the base-runner
only, and shall not be allowed to address any remarks except to
the base-runner, and then only in words of necessary direction;
and shall not use language which will in any manner refer to, or
reflect upon a player of the opposing clul>, the umpire or the
spectators, and not more than one coacher, who may lie a
player participating in the game, or any other player under
contract to it, in the uniform of either club, shall be allowed
at any one lime, except, that if base-runners are occupying two
or more of the bases, then the captain and one player, or two
players in the uniform of either club, may occupy the space
between the players' lines and the captains' lines to coach
base-runners. To enforce the above the captain of the opposite
side may call the attention of the umpire to the offence, and,
upon a repetition of the same, the offending player shall be
debarred from further participation in the game, and shall
leave the playing held forthwith.
Kii.k 53.— Tiik Scoring of Runs.
One run shall be scored every time a base-runner, after hav-
ing legally touched the lirst three bases, shall touch the home
base before three men are put out. (Exception) — If the third
man is forced out, or is put out before reaching first base, a
run shall not be scored.
THE UMPIRE OR UMPIRES AND THEIR
When two umpires are assigned to duty each shall serve
in his regularly appointed position and discharge the duties
of the same as provided for by this code of rules.
No umpire shall be changed during the progress of a cham-
pionship game, except by reason of personal illness or injury
incapacitating him for ike discharge of his duties.
When two umpires are assigned, one shall be known as
the "Umpire" and the other as the "Assistant Umpire."
'I he formers regular position in the gaaie shall be behind
that of the ba/smau. and the tatter's position in the Held
near either first, second or third bases: and the umpires shall
not exchange duties during the progress of a game, except b
consent of the captains of the opposing teams.
The umpire shall perform all the duties devolving upon
a s ng e umpire, except gi ring decisions on first, second
and third basts and deciding points of play in running such
bases, which shall devolve upon the assistant umpire, except as
regards third base when any other base is occupied by a base-
runner, in which event the umpire shall decide all points of play
arising at third base. It shall be the duly of the umpires to
assist or advise each other in rendering any decision when
requested by the other umpire.
The umpire shall act as the government representative of
the League, and as such shall have the power to enforce
every section of the code of playing rules of the game,
and lie shall have the power to order any player, or captain, or
club manager, to do or to omit to do. any action that he may
deem necessary to .rive force or effect to the taws of the game.
There shall be no appeal from any legal decision of either
the umpire or the assistant umpire.
Under no circumstances shall any player be allowed to
dispute a decision by either umpire, in which only an error
of judgment is involved: and no decision rendered by either
umpire shall be reversed, except it be plainly shown by the
code of rules to have been illegal; and in such case the captain
alone shall be allowed to make the appeal for reversal.
Rule 61 .
SECTION I. In all cases of violation of these rules,
cither by a player or a manager, the penalty shall be a
prompt removal of the offender from the grounds, followed by
such period af suspension from actual service in the club as the
umpire or the I' resident of the League may elect: providing the
term of suspension by the umpire shall not exceed three days,
including date of removal.
SEC. 2. The umpire shall immediately after the suspension
of a player forward to the President a report of the suspension
and the causes therefor. Jn flagrant cases he shall make such
report by telegraph.
Before the commencement of a game the -umpire shall see
that the rules governing all the materials of the ^ann-
ate strictly observed, die shall ask the captain of the home
club whether there are any special ground rules to be enforced,
and if there are, he shall see that I hey arc duly enforced, pro-
vided they do not conflict -with any of these rules.
The umpire shall not only call "play" at the hour
appointed for the beginning of the game, but also announce
"game Killed" at its legal conclusion.
The umpire shall suspend piny for the following causes :
First, if rain is falling so heavily as it oblige the spec-
tators on the Open field and open stands to seek shelter, in
which ease he shall note the time of suspension ; and should
rain fall continuously for thirty minutes thereafter he shall
terminate the game*
The umpire shall suspend play in ease of an accident
to himself or to the assistant umpire, or to a player which
incapacitates him or them from service in the field, or in
order to remove from the grounds any player or spectator who
has violated the rules.
Pn suspending flay from any legal cause, the umpire
shall call "time;" 'when he calls •'time" the play shall
be suspended until he calls "play" again, and during the
interim no player shall he put out, base he run. or run he seared.
" Time" shall not be called by the umpire until the ball is held
by the pitcher standing in his position.
'P'/te umpire shall call and count as a "ball" any unfair,
ball delivered by the pitcher to the batsman, but not before
such ball has passed the line of the home base. lie shall
also call and count as a "stripe" every fairly delivered ball
which passe. aver any portion of the home base, and within
the batsman's legal range, OS de lined in Rule 43. which is not
struck at by the batsman, or a foul tip which is caught by the
catcher, standing close up behind the halsmrn, or which after
being struck at ami not hit, strikes the person of the ba'tsman :
or when the ball is purposely hit foul by the batsman, or when
the ball is bunted foul by the batsman.
Ki 1 E 68.
If but one umpire is assigned, his duties and powers shall
be that of both the umpire and the assistant umpire, and
he shall be permitted to occupy Mich positions on the field as
will best enable him to discharge his duties.
Rule 69. — Field Kills.
No club shall allow open betting or pool-selling upon its
ground, nor in any building owned or occupied by it.
No person shall be allowed upon any part of the field
during the progress of a game in addition to the players in
uniform, the manager of each side and the umpire, except such
officers of the law as may be present in uniform, and such
officials of the home club as may be necessary to preserve the
No manager, captain or player shall address the spectators
during the progress of the game, except in case of necessary
Every club shall furnish sufficient police force upon its
own grounds to preserve order, and in the event of a
-crowd entering the field during the progress of a game and
interfering witli the play in any manner, the visiting club may
refuse to play further until the field be cleared. If the ground
be not cleared within fifteen minutes thereafter, the visiting
club may claim, and shall be entitled to the game, by a score
of nine runs to none (no matter what number of innings has
Rule 73. — General Definitions.
"Play" is the order of the umpire to begin the game, or
to resume play after its suspension.
"Time" is the order of the umpire to suspend play.
Such suspension must not extend beyond the day of the game.
" Game " is the announcement by the umpire that the game is
An "Inning" is the term at bat of the nine players n pre-
senting a club in a game, and is completed when three of such
players have been put out, as provided in these rules.
A " Time at Bat " is the term at bat of a batsman. It begins
when he takes his position and continues until he is put out or
becomes a base-runner; except when, because of being hit by
a pitched ball, or in case of an illegal delivery by the pitcher,
or in case of a sacrifice hit purposely made to t lie infield which,
not being 8 base-hit, advances a base-runner without resulting
in a put-out, except to the batsman, as in Rule 45.
signifies as required by these rules.
Legal" or "Legally
In order to promote uniformity in scoring championship
games the following instructions, suggestions and definitions
are made for the benefit of scorers, and they are required to
make all scores in accordance therewith.
SECTION I. The first item in the tabulated score, after the
player's name and position, shall be the number of times he
has been at bat during the game. No time at hat shall be scored
if the batsman be hit by a pitched ball while standing in his
position, and after trying to avoid being SO hit, or in ease of the
pitcher's illegal delivery of the ball to the bat which gives the
batsman his base, or when he intentionally hits the ball to
the field, purposely to be put out, or if he is given first base
on called balls.
SBC. 2. In the second column should be set down the runs
made by each player.
Sec. 3. In the third column should be placed the first-base
hits made by each player. A base-hit should be scored in the
When the ball from the bat strikes the ground within the
foul lines and out of reach of the fielders.
When a hit ball is partially or wholly stopped by a fielder in
motion, but such player cannot recover himself in time to handle
I he ball before the striker reaches lirsi base.
When a ball is hit -with such force to an inlieldcr that he
cannot handle il in time to put out the batsman, (In case of
doubt over this class of hits, score a base-hit and exempt [lie
fielder from the charge of an error.)
When a ball is hit so slowly towards a fielder that he cannot
handle it in time to put out the batsman,
That in all cases where a base-runner is retired by being hit
by a batted ball, the batsman should be credited with a base-hit.
When a batted ball hits the person or clothing of the umpire,
as defined in Rule 48, section 5. In no case shall a base-hit be
scored when a base-runner has been forced out by the play.
SEC. 4. In the fourth column shall be placed the sacrifice
hits, which shall lie credited to the batsman who, when no one
is out or when but one man is out, advances a runner a base by
a hunt hit, which results in putting out the batsman, or would
so result if the ball were handled without error.
. SEC. 5- The number of opponents put out by each player
shall be set down in the fifth column. Where a batsman is
given out by the umpire for a foul strike, or where the batsman
fails to bat in proper order, the put-OUl shall be scored to the
catcher. In all casts of " out" for interference, running out
of line, or infield fly dropped, the "out" should be credited to
/ho player -oho mould ho-:;- made the play, but for the action
of the base-runner or batsman.
Skc. 6. The number of times the player assists shall be set
down in the sixth column. An assist should lie given to each
player who handles the ball in assisting a run-out or other play
of the kind.
An assist should be given to a player who makes a play in
time to put a runner out. even if the player who could complete
the play fails through no fault of the player assisting.
And generally an assist should be given to each player who
handles or assists in any manner in handling the ball from the
time it leaves the bat until it reaches the player who makes the
put-oul, or in case of a thrown ball, to each player who throws
or handles it cleanly and in such a way that a put-out results,
or would result if no error were made by the receiver.
. tssists should ho credited to every player 10/10 handles the ball
in the play which results in a base-runner being called out for
interference or for running out of lino.
Ski'. 7. An error shall be given in the seventh column for
each misplay which allows the striker or base-runner to make
one or more bases when perfect play would have insured his
being put out, except that "wild pilches," " bases on balls "
liases on the batsman being struck by a " pitched ball," or in
case of illegal pitched balls, balks and passed halls, all of
which comprise battery errors, shall nol he included in said
column. In scoring errors ol batted balls see section 3 of this
An error shall not ho scored against the catcher for a wild
throw to prevent a stolon base, unless the base-runner udvat
an extra base because oj the error.
No error shall be a ttst an infielder who attempts to
complete a double play, unless the throw is so wild that an addi-
tional base is gained.
A stolen base shall be credited to the base-runner whenever lie
reaches the base he attempts to steal unaided by ,i fielding or by
ii battery error or a hit by the batsman.
The Summary shall contain :
Section i. The store made in each innings of the game.
Sec, 2. The number of bases stolen by each player.
The number of two-base hits made by each player.
The number of three-base hits made by each
5 [ . -:
The number of home runs made by each player.
The number of double and triple plays made by
each side and the names of the players assisting in the same.
SEC. 7. The number of innings each pitcher pitched in.
SEC. 8. The number of base hits made off each pitcher.
SEC. <)■ The number of times the pitcher strikes out the
SEC. to. The number of times the pitcher gives bases on
SEC. 11. The number of wild pitches charged to the
SEC. 12. The number of times the pitcher hits batsmen
with pitched ball.
SEC. 13. The number of passed balls by each catcher.
SEC 14. The time of the game.
SliC. 15. 'I'he names and positions of each umpire.
ADVICE TO UMPIRES.
You are the absolute master of tlic field from the beginning
to the termination of a game. You are by these rules given
full authority to order any player, captain or manager to do or
omit to do any act which you may deem necessary to maintain
your dignity and compel respect from players and spectators.
The rules are created to be enforced to the letter. If they
are poor rules the fault is not yours. If they are disobeyed you
are to blame.
Before " play" is called satisfy yourself thai the field is cor-
rectly laid off with lines, bases and plates in proper places, and
that the materials supplied for the game are as required by the
rules. (Rule 62.)
Notify each captain that the rules will be enforced exactly as
they are written, and that for each violation the prescribed
penalty will follow. Do not in any case temporize with a rule
Make all decisions as you see them. Never attempt to "even
up" after having made a mistake.
Be strict in what may seem to be trivial matters, thereby
•' nipping in the bud " trouble before it fully develops.
Specially observe Rules 20 and 37, which require players to
occupy their respective benches; also section 6 of Rule 25,
which specifies that a player ordered from the field shall go
within one minute from the lime you order his removal from
I in not allow a player (not even a captain) to leave his posi-
tion (which is the bench or coacher's box, for the captain
w hose side is at bat, or the regular fielding position of the cap-
t tin whose side is not at bat) to argue with you. The captain
only is allowed to appeal to you (and he only from his proper
l>iisitiun| on a legal misinterpretation of the rules. If he claims
[hat you have erred, it is proper that the spectators should
know what the claim is. (Rule 60.)
Coachers have heretofore been a disturbing element to the
umpire. Rule 52 provides just what his and what your duties
nre. These rules are mandatory, nut discretionary. If you
allow them to be violated yon become the chief culprit and
do ii"t properly perform the duties of your position. Hear in
mind that you are not responsible for the creation of the rules
or iIr penalties prescribed by them.
The umpire who enforces the rules, maintains his dignity and
compels respect, gives the fullest satisfaction to both teams
and to the spectators.
Compel respect from all and your task will be an easy one.
A SIMPLE WAY FOR LAYING OFF A
Lay a tape-line from centre of backstop out into the field 217
feet 3% inches to second base. At 90 feet from backstop place
home plate, with the tape-line dividing it diagonally. Hetween
150 feet 6 inches and 150 feet 10 inches from the backstop
place the pitcher's plate, with the tape-line dividing it at the
centre; 153 feet 7% inches from backstop drive a stake. At
right angles to the tape-line, and 63 feet 7% inches from the
stake and 90 feet from both home plate and second base, place
first base on one side and third base on the other. This done
remove the stake. Lay lines connecting the bases thus laid,
forming the diamond, extending the lines from home base and
first base and home base and third base in each direction to
the fence, thus forming the foul lines and the catcher's position.
Parallel with these lines and 50 feet away lay the player's
lines, extending from intersection with lines already laid 75
feet. From this point lay lines at right angles to lines just
described, extending to the base lines. At right angles to
these and parallel with the base lines, 15 feet distant, lay the
coacher's lines, extending, say, 30 feet towards the outfield.
Parallel with and 3 feet distant from the base line from home
base to first base lay a line beginning 45 feet from home plate
and extending just past first base.
On each side of home plate, parallel with line from centre of
backstop to second base and 6 inches distant from home plate,
lay lines 6 feet long, running three feet each way from a line
through the centre of home plate, also lay other lines parallel
with and 4 feet distant from the ones just described. Form
these into parallelograms 4 feet by 6 feet in dimension, thus
forming the batsman's position.
Observe Rules II, 12 and 13.
INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS.
INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS.
The C, round
The Captain and Coacher's Line
Tli. Batsman's Line
The rTome Base
First, Second and Third Bases
Lines Musi He Marked
Weight and Size h
Number of Halls Furnished (2)
Fining Player for Discoloring New Ball G2)
Furnished by I Lime Club [81
Replaced if Injured ill
Material of (1)
Shape of (8j
THE PLATERS AND THEIR POSITIONS.
Number of Players in the Game
Dot to Sit with Spectators
Club Uniforms Ill
I iloves (8)
Players' Benches ill
Players Debarred from Game for Not Occupying Benches <~)
Time of Championship (lame (1)
Nu inlier of innings (2)
Termination of < rame
The Winning Run (b)
A Tie Game
,\ Drawn Game
A ( ailed * lame
A Forfeited (lame
Failure of the Nine to A ppear 1 1 >
Refusal of One Side to Play (21
Failure to Resume Playing
If a Team Resorts to Dilatory Practice < I)
Witt id Violation
Disobeying Order I R Player
Less than Nine Players (7)
Second Game to be Commenced Within Ten Minutes (8)
Written Notice to President ''.I'
INDEX TO RULE I LOT) i.m.i I. L.TIONS.
1 'NIC tlliMllll
Sufficient Number oi So layers 1 1 i
When Player May Be Substituted (2)
i Ihoice of 1 linings — Condition of Ground
The Piti liar's Position
Delivery of the Ball— Fair Ball
i nfair Ball
Motion to Deceive (I)
Foot Not in Contact with Pitcher's Plate fej
Piti In i i in i side of Lines (8)
Delay by Holding Ball ill
Standing in Position to Pitch Without Having Ball (•">)
Any Motion Made Without Immediately Delivering Ball... (6)
If the Pitcher Feigns to Throw Ball and I tons Not Resume
1 1 Position (7)
\ Dead Hall ,
A Foul Strike
Stopped by Person Not in Game..! (1)
Bad Returned (Sj
P.ise-K ter Must Stop (8)
Tiie Batsman's Position — Order of Batting
Where Players Must Remain (1)
Space Reserved fur Umpire (2)
Space Allotted Players "At Pal " (3)
Hatting Rules— Fair Hit
Foul Hit (2)
Pair llii Win. li Rolls to Foul Ground (3i
Foul Hit Which Rolls to Fair Ground (4)
\ Foul Tip
A Hunt Hit
Balls Pat i ctl Outside the Grounds
\ Fail Batted Ball Over the Fence —
Ball Struck at by Batsman (I)
Fair Hall. Delivered by Pitcher (2)
Intentional Effort to Hit Hall to Foul Ground (3)
I il Hit While Attempting a Hunt Hit (3)
Hall Struck at after Touching Batsman's Person ill
Ball Tipped by Batsman (5)
A Foul Strike
The Batsman is ( >ut
Failing to Take Position at Bat in Order... : .. (1)
Failure to Take Position within One Minute after being
II li il Hit (3)
If he Makes a. Foul Strike il)
Attempt '" Hinder Catcher ftw
Three Strikes failed by Umpire fo)
Attempt to Make a Foul Hit after Two Strikes have been
li Hall Hits Him While Making Third Strike (8)
If II,- Hits a Fly Hail that .an I:.- Handled l>v Inlielder
while Bases arc Occupied with only One ( 'ut <■*)
It Third Strike is Called I I
Batsman -Must Not Leave Bench Until Called by Umpire. .(11)
INDEX TO RULES \.\n REGULATIONS.
The Batsman Becomes a Base-Runner
After .1 Fair Hit (I)
After Four Balls are Called (8)
After Three Strikes are Declared (3)
If Hit by Hall While at Hat (1)
Alter Illegal Delivery of Ball (5)
to be Touched
Base-Runner Shall Not Pass Another Base-Runner to
Reach Home Base
Entitled to liases
II Umpire Calk Four Balls (11
If I 'mj lire Awards Succeeding Batsman Base (8)
II I mplre Calls Ballc (3)
If Pitched Ball by Pitcher Passes Catcher i I)
Ball Strikes Umpire (51
Prevented from Making Base (6)
Fielder Stops Ball with Any Part of His Dress 17)
Returning to Bases
Ii Foul lip (1)
If Foul Strike (8)
If Dead Hall (3)
If Person of Umpire Interferes with Catcher (4)
If the I Jail Touches the Batsman's Person (5)
Attempt to Hinder Catcher from Fielding Pall (1)
If Fielder Hold Fair Hit Ball (8)
Third Strike Ball Held by Fielder (3)
Touched with Ball After Three Strikes (1)
Touching First Base (5)
Running from Home Base to First P.ase Ci)
Running from First to Second Base (7)
Fail ore to Avoid Fielder (8)
Touched by Ball While In Play Ill)
Runner May Overrun First Base (10)
Fair or Foul Hit Caught by Fielder (11)
Batsman Becomess Base Runner (18)
Touched by Hit Ball Before Touching Fielder (l:i)
Running to Base (11)
Umpire Calls Play (15)
When Batsman or Runner is Out
Scoring of Runs
Each Shall Serve in His Regularly Appointed Position
Umpires Shall Not Be Changed
Titles and Positions
\'u Appeal from Legal Decisions
1 Msputcd Decisions
['•■rialtics for Violation of Rules (1)
Report of Suspension (8)
Shall Sec that the Rules are Strictly Observed
Shall Call Play
Suspend Play 04
Shall i .il Strikes....
When Only One Umpire is Assigned
INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS.
No Club Shall Allow Open Betting
Who Shall lie Allowed on the Field
Sp.:i tators Shall Not lie Addressed
Every Club Shall Furnish Police Force
A Time at Hat
Runs Hade 09
liase Hits m
Sacrifice Hits (I)
Score Made in Kach Inning (-)
Number of liases Stolen (29
Number of Two- Base Hits (3)
Number of Three-Base Hits (4)
Number of Home Runs. (5)
Number of Double and Triple Plays (6)
Number of Innings Each Pitcher Pitched In (7)
Number of Base-Hits OS Each Pitcher (8)
Number of Uatsmen Struck Out by Each Pitcher (9)
Number of liases on Balls by Kach Pitcher (10)
Wild Pitches (11)
Number of Batsmen Hit by Each Pitcher (1~)
Passed Balls Of)
Time of (lame (14)
Name and Position of Each Umpire (IS)
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
ANNUAL MEETING NATIONAL LEAGUE
Annual Meeting of the National League and American Asso-
ciation of Professional Base Ball Clubs, Held at the Hotel
Walton, Philadelphia, Pa., Tuesday, Nov. 9, J 897.
Meeting called to order by t lie President at 2 o'clock p. M.
No quorum being present, on motion adjourned to meet at 8
o'clock P. M.
Meeting called to order at 8 o'clock r. \i.
A. II. Soden and \V. li. Conant, representing the Hoston
ll:i~i' Hall Association.
C. Von del Ahc and B. S. Muckenfuss, representing 1 lie St.
Louis Base Ball Association.
Andrew Krcedman, representing the National Exhibition
Company of New York City.
\V. II. Watkins and \V. W. Kerr, representing the Pittsburg
F. Dell. Robison and M. S. Robison, representing the
Cleveland Base Ball Company.
Harry C. 1'ulliain, representing the Louisville Base Ball
II. K. Von der Hoist and Edward 1 [anion, representing the
Baltimore Iiase Hall and Exhibition Company.
John 1. Rogers and A. J, Reach, representing the Philadel-
phia Hall Club.
C. II. Byrne and !•'. A. Abell, representing the Brooklyn
Base Ball Club.
J. T. Brush and N. A. Lloyd, representing the Cincinnati
J. Earl Wagner, representing t lie National Washington
Base Ball Club.
James A. Hart, representing the Chicago League Ball Club.
On motion, Mr. A. II. Soden was unanimously requested to
act as chairman of this meeting.
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
On motion, the reading of the minutes of last meeting was
The report of the Board of Directors was received and
The communication of W. \V. t'olville in relation to having
championship games played in Pittsburg during the Knight
Templars' Conclave, from October 10 to 14, was referred to
the Schedule Committee.
On motion, "A committee of three be appointed to consider
the whole telegraph question, and submit its report at some
On motion, Messrs. James A. I fart, Andrew Freedman and
1''. Dell. Kobison were appointed as such committee. The
Secretary presented numerous communications in relation to
telegraphic privileges, which were referred to the Telegraph
On motion, adjourned to meet at 12 o'clock on the following
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 10, IS97.
Meeting called to order at 3 o'clock P. ,\t.
The National Hoard of Arbitration submitted its report, with
recommendations in relation to certain changes in the National
Agreement, which the minor leagues in Class A desired to have
made. Pending the consideration of said report and recom-
mendations, on motion adjourned to meet at 10 o'clock Friday,
November 12, unless sooner convened by the President of this
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1S97.
Meeting called to order at [2.30 I'. M.
On motion, the report and recommendations of the National
11.. ard were temporarily postponed.
( In motion, a committee of three v^as appointed, consisting
Of Col. John I. Rogers, C. II. Byrne and Andrew Freedman,
to consider amendments to the League Constitution, with
instructions to report at the spring meeting.
The following-named gentlemen were selected as Directors :
ANNUAL MEETING OP NATIONAL LEAGUE.
H. R. Von tier Ilorst, A. J. Reach, J. E. Wagner, II. C.
Pulliam, Chris Von tier Ahe and W. II. Walkins.
The members of the National Board of Arbitration were
unanimously re-elected as follows : N. E. Young, A. II. Soden,
C. II. Byrne, Jno. T. Brush, F. Ve II. Robison and Jas. A.
Col. Rogers submitted the following resolution, which, as
amended, was adopted :
Resolved, That the Schedule Committee be instructed as
1st. To divide the circuit into four sections —
North and East — Boston, New York and Brooklyn.
South and East — Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington.
North and West — Chicago, Cleveland and Pittsburg.
South and West — St. Louis, Louisville and Cincinnati.
2d. To not schedule more than 12 games by a visiting club
in any one of said sections before returning to play games On
its own grounds.
3d. To schedule 154 Championship games from April 15 to
October 15, inclusive.
Resolved, That the Committee on. Constitution be directed to
report amendments providing that a postponed game niu^l be
played on the next date of the same series when another game
is scheduled between the same clubs on the ground originally
scheduled ; but if such series shall have terminated, such post-
poned game may, by mutual consent, be played off on the
grounds of the other club. That the committee so modify
Section 55 in reference to double games for one admission to
meet above changes.
The National Board submitted, with their recommendation,
a petition from the Presidents of the Western, Eastern and
Atlantic Leagues requesting that certain changes be made in
the National Agreement, to wit : By adding to Article to of the
National Agreement the following: "and provided further,
the number of players to be drafted from a M iimr League Club
in < lass A, in any one year, shall be limited to two, and that no
player shall be subject to draft from a clul in Class A until he
ANNUAL MEETING <)K NATIONAL LEAGUE.
lias been on the reserve list of a minor league in Class A for
two consecutive seasons." After a full and free discussion.
and the adoption of other suggested amendments, they were
resubmitted to the National Board of Arbitration fur 1 heir con-
sideration and reference to t lie said minor leagues for their
consideration and ratification.
On motion, the Treasurer was instructed to pay the deficit
■ in account of the Harry Wright monument, amounting to three
hundred and fifty-four dollars and thirty-seven cents ($354-37).
The following preamble and resolution offered by -Mr. Hart
was adopted :
Whereas, The object of this organization, as expressed in
Paragraph 3, Section 2, of its Constitution, is "to establish
and regulate the Base Ball Championship of the United
States," and as all contests for other objects are perfunctory
and without the authority of the Constitution, it is
Resolved, That this organization will in no way, shape or
manner authorize, approve or lend its moral support to any
game or games between the clubs of its membership, except
those provided for in the regularly adopted schedule.
On motion, a committee of three, consisting of N. E. Young,
C. II. Byrne and \V. II. Watkins, were appointed to consider
tl:e future of the "Temple Cup," with instructions to com-
municate with .Mr. Temple and ascertain his wishes as to its
On motion, the Treasurer was instructed to donate to Jno.
Carteryvelles seventy-five dollars for loss sustained by reason
of injury by Mr. Hurst.
On motion, adjourned to meet at 10 o'clock A. M. on the
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1897.
Meeting called to order at 10.30 A. M.
Mr. Wagner moved that the Secretary be instructed to employ
a staff of umpires, so as to have two umpires for each game,
and the Playing Rules Committee was instructed to so amend
the Playing Kules to conform with the above.
The Secretary was instructed to prepare a schedule for the
INNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL I HAGUE.
umpire staff which shall control their movements for the entire
m, and, under no circumstances, shall such schedule be
rted from except in cases of illness, disability or suspen-
sion, in which case the party filling the vacancy shall carry out
ihe schedule of said retiring umpire. No umpire shall he
assigned in any one city for more than six consecutive games,
and said schedule shall not be published.
The following resolution, offered by Mr. Brush, was adopted :
Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to formu-
late and report at the Schedule Meeting a plan which will
define foul, indecent and obscene language upon the ball field,
prescribe a method of procedure, the penalty for which offence,
upon conclusive proof, shall be expulsion from any further
connection with any club operating under the protection of the
National Agreement without the possibility of pardon or rein-
statement. That the plan shall include the reference of any
case that may arise under its provisions to a board consisting
of three, who shall have no interest in any club member of this
Messrs. John T. Brush, A. II. Seidell and Jas. A. Hart were
selected to constitute the committee under the above resolution.
On motion, a committee of thiee was appointed on transpor-
tation, including sleeping-car accommodations, with instruc-
tions to report at the Schedule meeting. Committee — Messrs.
Brush, Robison and Rogers.
The following resolutions were unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That the sincere thanks of the League be extended
to the Philadelphia Hall Club and its officers, Col, Jno. I.
Rogers and President A. J. Reach, for the magnificent hospi-
tality extended to the delegates of the National League and
American Association of Professional base ball (dubs during
this annual meeting, and for the extreme consideration and
courtesy extended to all.
tolved, That the delegates to the annual meeting of the
National League and American Association of Professional
Kail Clubs hereby desire to express tl.eir appreciation of
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
the delightful entertainment provided fi >r them by the Pen and
Pencil Club of Philadelphia.
On motion, the dale for holding the next annual meeting was
referred to the Committee on Constitution.
On motion, the Committee on Telegraphing was authorized
to make contract for the ensuing year, providing as good a
contract can be made as the one now existing.
( )n motion, former League players of good habits shall have
preference for appointment as League umpires.
An informal vote for issuing souvenir passes for 189S was
lost by a vote of ten to two.
On motion, the Schedule Meeting will be held in St. Louis,
Mo., on Monday, February 2S, 1S9S, at 8 o'clock 1'. M.
No further business appearing, on motion, adjourned.
(Signed) A. H. SODEN, Chairman.
N. E. YOUNG, Secretary.
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
RECONVENED ANNUAL MEETING
Reconvened Annual Meeting of the National League and Amer-
ican Association of Professional Base Ball Clubs, Held
at the Southern Hotel, St. Louis, Mo., Com-
mencing Monday, Feb. 28, J 898.
Meeting called to order at S u, U.
A. II. Soden and W. H. Conant, representing the Boston
Base Ball Association.
C. Von der Ahe and B. S. Muckenfuss, representing the
St. Louis Base Ball Association.
A. H. Socle n, representing the National Exhibition Company
of New York.
W. II. Watkins, representing the Pittsburg Athletic Com-
Edward llanlon, representing the Baltimore Base Ball and
II. ('. l'ulliani, representing the Louisville Base Ball Com-
\. I. Reach and John I. Rogers, representing the Phila-
delphia Ball Club.
James A. Hart, representing the Chicago League Ball Club.
F. A. Abell and Charles If. Ebbets, representing the Brooklyn
Base Ball Club.
John ')'. Brush, representing the Cincinnati Base Ball Club.
J. Earl Wagner, representing the National Washington Base
F. Dell. Robison and M. S. Robison, representing the Cleve-
land Ball Club.
On motion, Mr. A. II. Soden was unanimously invited to
officiate as chairman of this meeting.
On motion, the minutes of the annual meeting were read and
President Young officially announced the death of C. II.
Byrne, late President of the Brooklyn Club. On motion, a
ANNUA!. MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
committee consisting of John T. Brush, James A. Hart ami
Col. John I. Rogers was appointed to draft suitable resolutions
in retatioo to the sami
The Temple Cup Committee submitted its report, which was
The Committee appointed to consider amendments to the
League Constitution submitted its report, which was adopted,
as follows (see Constitution).
At the suggestion of Mr. Brush, it was unanimously agreed
that when we adjourn we adjourn to meet at 10 o'clock on the
following day for a session of two hours, and that we then
take a recess until 2 o'clock r. M., at which time the committee
appointed at the annual meeting to formulate a plan for the
suppression of, and punishment for, foul, indecent and obscene
language and conduct upon the ball held submit its report.
On motion, Mr. [as. A. Hart was appointed a committee of
one to invite all representative newspaper men to be present
when Chairman Brush submits his report.
On motion, adjourned to meet at 10 A. M. on the following
TUESDAY, MARCH I, 189S.
Meeting called to order at 1 1 o'clock A. m.
President Hart, Chairman of the Telegraph Committee, sub-
mitted his report. On motion, the report was received, the
Committee discharged, and the matter of telegraphing be left
in the hands of each individual club.
The Committee on Transportation submitted its report. On
motion, the report was received and the committee continued
nniil the annual meeting in December.
On motion, a recess was taken until 2 o'clock r. M.
I \\, M \K< II I, IS;
-2 OCLOCK I'. M.
Meeting called to* order by Mr. Soden, Chairman, who
announced that the League had agreed upon this hour to hear
the report of the committee appointed at the November meet-
ing to report upon the suppression of vulgarity upon the ball
Held. Jle stated that inasmuch as the subject was one of very
-— «-. — •- 1_- ■
ANNUAL MKKTING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
great public interest and had largely engaged the attention of
the press, it had been decided by the League to admit the
representatives of the press upon this occasion so that there
might be no misunderstanding regarding the necessity for
action by the League upon this subject. After a few well-
chosen remarks of welcome to the large number of newspaper
representatives present, Mr. Soden called upon the chairman
of the committee for the committee's report.
Mr. Brnsh, upon taking the floor, said : " Before entering
upon the business for which this meeting is called, the com-
mittee that was appointed at a former meeting of this body to
take appropriate action regarding the death of Mr. Byrne,
desires to submit the following • In Memoriam.'"
Mr. PRESIDENT : V. n annual session to transact the
business of the League. The same causes that have convened
us in the past have brought us again together. We are ani-
mated by the same motives that have influenced us in former
years, and the promotion of the best interests of the National
League occupies our attention.
While we are thus engaged we are conscious of the absence
of a vital force that has been potent in former conventions.
Cognizant of the loss we have sustained in our counsels that
comes from wisdom, judgment, loyally, and courage of convic-
tion, it is fitting and proper that we should pease in our delib-
erations and pay such tribute as we may to the memory of one
who has been foremost in legislating for the elevation and
promotion of the sport most loved by Americans and who has
active in its establishment upon a solid ami permanent
Charles II. Byrne was born September 15, 1843, and died
January 4. 180.S, after an illness of more Mian one fl
He became interested in base ball in the spring of 1883,
having organized the Brooklyn Base Ball Association, and
from that time until the last meeting of the Nation
during the second week in November, 1897, at Philadelphia,
ANNUAL MEETING OP NATIONAL LEAGUE.
he lias liecn an important , in all thai relates to the
modi in history of tin- game.
What is herein set forth relati 1 Bolelj to Mr. Byrne's cnn-
nei linn with tin/ National game, which may be likened unto a
ship upon a troubled sea, tossed by advi rse « ind ami tide upon
many a rock ami reef, oft threatened with wreck ami destruc-
tion, yet lias weathered the si. inns of fate and rides in
upon the calm and unruffled waters of popularity and public
We will cross the threshold of Mr. Byrne's life where he, in
the interest of the National sport, began his work of devotion ;
speak of him as he appeared during the years in which his
name became honored among lovers of the game ; and, in grief
and sorrow, within the domain of hallowed Calvary, part with
him where the rays of a winter's sun fall aslant the tomb that
Mr. Byrne possessed a thorough knowledge of every detail
of base ball. He was equally at home whether discussing the
Playing Rules, the Constitution, the National Agreement, or
measure of reform calculated to advance the general good
of all engaged in the game, whether in the interest of major or
minor organization. lie has been foremost in the prom
of every progressive measure. lie has been a leader in every
debate. He has taken sides upon every question that involved
the rights of players, the interest of the public and the recog-
nition of the press. No detail that was pertinent has ever
been deemed too small to receive his consideration. The small
as well as the great was indexed in his character.
Mis ability and sagacity have made him a conspicuous figure
upon the National Hoard of Arbitration, and his discernment
and executive capacity have given him prominence upon all
important Committees, He has been earnest, steadfast and
modest ; arduous and enduring ; calm amid alarms, yet alert ;
watchful of vested rights, but unselfish; firm in opinion though
not intolerant ; rigid in his faith an. I graciously yielding if
Onted with conclusive logic. The elevation of the game
and the approbation of the public were the primary ntc
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
with Mr. Byrne; his individual interest was secondary. Mr.
Byrne was an ideal exponent of tlie game. Diplomatic, cour-
teous, friendly, with a brain that could reason, a tongue that
could pursuade, and a logic that could convert, he was enabled
through penetration and judgment to blaze a pathway through
many a jungle of difficulty.
Some stand upon a pedestal so narrow that there is room
upon it for but one. Mr. Byrne stood upon one so broad that
there was always room for those who shared his views or who
became converts to them.
The full measure of Mr. Byrne's worth as a man was appre-
ciated most perhaps in his friendships. "Pure friendship is
something which men of an inferior intellect can never taMe
and the vulgar herd estimate it by its advantages." Loyal,
considerate, obliging, mourned and missed by friends who
loved him for what he was and for what he did, it will be said
of him, " When he departed lie look a man's life with him."
Nothing can cloud his fame ; tablet of stone or bronze can
add no leaf to his laurels. His monument is the game itself
and the record of his effort and devotion in its archives the
inscription, and to this we leave him.
J Wilis A. II ART,
JOHN I. ROGERS,
JOHN T. BRUSH,
Upon motion of Mr. A.J. Reach the report of the Memoriam
Committee was ordered spread upon the records, and the
President of the League was directed to incorporate the same
in a memorial page in the Annual League Book, together with
the tributes received by the committee from the representatives
of the press.
Mr. Brush, chairman of the committee to formulate a plan
for the suppression of, and punishment for, foul, indecent and
obscene language and conduct upon the ball field, submitted
the committee's report. In presenting the report Mr. 1
read numerous letters from umpires giving their personal ex-
periences, also a detailed account of the vile language that
ANNUAL MEETING ('!•' NATIONAL I. HAGUE.
they hod been forced to listen to on the ball field, must of
which had been directed i" them personally. He also pre-
d a clear and concise statement from the earliest history
of professional base ball up to [lie present time of the efforts
made and [lit- laws enacted ai various times for the suppression
of this growing evil which threatens the life of our great
National game, and the necessity for prompt and heroic action
at this time to suppress it.
A measure entitled :
44 A measure for the suppression of obscene, Indecent and vulgar language
Upon the ball field by players engaged in playing a game of ball during the
championship season, while under contract to a club, member of the National
1 rue and American Association of Professional Ball Clubs, to the end
that the game may retain its high position as respectable and worthy of
the confidence and support of the refined and cultured classes of American
In pursuance of this measure of reform and to define and carry into
effect its intent and purposes, be it resolved as follows:
I ii 1 It shall be the duty of each club president or chief officer to
furnish to the manager or captain of his team a printed or typewritten copy
of this enactment, together with a copy of the offences and evils which are
l) to be remedied by this measure, all of which shall be read and fully
explained to all of the players and employees of the club at the beginning of
the contract season and to all others who may thereafter join the 1 lab
during the playing season, and a copy thereof shall also be delivered to such
players and employees, and the explain and manager of each club shall
obtain for and deliver to the ; I said club, who shall within live
days thereafter forward tl the President of the League, the signa-
of all the players and empl ■ ■ ' club, acknowledging that this
don with all of its provl teen brought to each anil every
playei ' ■ or 1 attention.
Second — To 'all as the national game of the United
States, preserve its respectability, surround it with such additional safe-
guards as to wai rant absolute pubti< confidence in its methods and purposes,
to reform and promote the mutual interests of professional has.- ball clubs
and professional base ball players, it shall be competent for any person or
, whether player, manager, umpire, club official of any club, mem-
ber of this League, or spectator, to submit information and testimony in
writing under oath concerning obscene, indecent orvulgai tan
than profanity, that being otherwise an< provided for in the play-
ing rules) during the progress of a game upon the ball field by a player or
employee of a National League club ol have personal knou
The information and corroborative evidence under oath may be submitted to
the President of the League, who shall have the right to suspend the
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
offender pending investigation by the tribunal hereinafter created, or not, as
lie may elect, being governed in judgment by the circumstances and gravity
of the offence dence.
Third— AH charges ol offence under tMs measure with the supporting
evidence shall be submitted to the President of the League under oath
within forty-eight hours of its alleged commission, and the President shall
immediately furnish a copy of the same to the accused for his defence, with
wrii ten notice of the suspension, if any.
Fourth — Any one under contrai to a National League club who may be
ed with using offensive language within the intent and meaning of this
measure, shall be furnished with a ropy ol the 1 barges, which, to receive con-
sideration, must be substantiated by corroborative evidence, and after the re-
ceipt thereof by the accused five days, shall be allowed the one charged with
the offence for transmitting by some express company to the President ol the
League, under oath, of the defence, and the case when thus prepared shall
be submitted by the President to a tribunal of three judges selected by tins
ue, to he call.:- 1 the " Board oi Di icipline," who shall hi
authority to acquit or convii 1 upon the eviden* •■ submitted, according to the
rules adopted for its government, and from which there shall be no appeal,
except to the Hoard of Directors of the League, as hereinafter provided.
Fifth— When a case is thus submitted to said board the President of the
tribunal shall carefully consider it from the evidence submitted, taking into
account the nature and gravity of the offence, its importance as affecting
the welfare of the national gam-', the provocation for its commission, and
such other circumstances as may be submitted that are entitled to b<
sidered. He shall report in writing his opinion and finding in the pri n
and if the offence be proven he (hall aiiiv the penalty that in his judgment
should be imposed, and forward the same, together with his opinion and
conclusions and all the papers, to his associate nearest in territory, who shall
attach thereto bis opinion and conclusions and judgment, and forward the
same to the remaining member of the tribunal, who shall forward his
opinion, conclusions and finding, and all the papers in the case to the presi-
dent of the tribunal. He in turn shall return the papers and opinions, con-
clusions and findings to the President of the League, who shall carry into
. . laid board or a majority thereof, by suspending the
player from his club for the peri :■! by the tribunal or a majority,
or acquit him, as th< 1 a ■<■ may be.
Sixth— When the members of the tribunal or a majority thereof do not
tpon a judgment, the President of the League shall one of
the opinions as the one to be followed (providing it i>e not the extreme
penalty!, and that shall be considered the judgment and be enforced accord-
ing tO the provisions of section 5.
Seventh The penalty for using obscene, indecent, and vulgar Ian. ■
within the meaning and intent of this measure, is entirely within the discre-
■■'■ the tribunal, and may h □ for d -ys, for months,)
unexpired season, for a year, or for life, according to the conditions, circum-
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
stances ami nature of i"ie offence, U being the sentiment of the League that
creates this law that an unwarranted, unprovoked, and brutal use of vulgarity
to a Bpectator t or within the presence nf spectators and within the hearing
of ladies, should dehar the offender forever from service with his club, or
any other club, member of this League or subject to its jurisdiction.
Ki^lilli The extreme penalty proposed iii ibis measure, namely, "life
expulsion," shall require the unanimous approval of the three memb
the tribunal, and provided also, before imposing such a penalty, the accused
shall be notified, that he can defend in person and by counsel, if he eleets, in
which event the President of the tribunal shall call a meeting of said board
at some city to be selected by him moat convenient to the members and the
accused, the traveling expenses and hotel bills of the board to be paid by
Ninth— When two members concur in the penalty to be imposed, that
shall be considered as the judgment of the tribunal, except as provided in
rules and 8.
i ttth— That justice may be d'>n<* and no wrong committed, It shall be
tent for either parties i<> ■< case submitted to the tribunal I
under oath the character and standing of those who mil;'- id.- charges and
give evidence, and before the ** life expulsion " can be imposed the accused
i! he elect, have the opportunity of cross-examining the witnesses
against him by depositions.
Eleventh— There shall be no appeal from a decision by the tribunal or
n majority for a hearing or reopening ol u ■■ ■-■ '-pi by unanimous vote of
the Board of Directors, based upon new avid)
Twelfth — The tribunal shall bl the National League with due
d for fitness, integrity, knowledge of and interest in the national game
bait One of its members shall be designated President of the
tribunal, and no one shall be a member who Es financially interested in a
club member of this League, v. lubmitted under the pro-
of this enactment, i the tribunal shall carefully
examine all evidence submitted, and render his finding according to the
and no hearing shall be secret, u quested by both parties to
the ' onti oversy,
Thirteenth The first tribunal under this provision shall be composed of
L. C. Krauthoff, who shall be eli irs or until his W
cessor i Louis Kramer, who shall serve two years or until Ids
or is elected, and Frederick K, one year or
until hi ucces oi inning with 1899 and each year there-
after there shall be one memb* i
Fourteenth- M a player under suspension pending investigation should
be acquitted by the tribunal, his salary shall be paid by the President of the
1 for the lime lie was under suspension.
Fifteenth i i ■ > nsate En pan for the loss b of a player who
en suspended under these | an one year,
the club may select one member of the l eague to represent it, ind the Presi-
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
dent of ihe League shall select some member of the League to represent the
League, and the two, if unable to agree, shall select the third member of
the League, and they or a majority of them shall pi. ire ;t f;iir estimate of
value upon the release of the player so disciplined, and the League shall pay
to the club one-half of such award, and in case said persons or a majority
do not arrive at an award, said Roard of Discipline or a majority thereof
shall make the award.
Sixteenth— All elections to fill vacancies in the tribunal shall he by ballot
upon nominations, and it shall require a majority vote to elect.
Seventeenth — All vacancies in the tribunal caused by death 01
shall he temporarily filled by ihe President of the League, until the next
meeting at which an annual election occurs, when it shall he filled by ballot
for the unexpired term.
Eighteenth — The compensation to be allowed to the members of the
tribunal shall be fixed by the President of the League according to the cir-
cumstances of eacli case, and he paid by the League, together with traveling
expenses and hotel hills, if they meet together as provided in section 8.
Nineteenth — For all communications with this tribunal the express com-
panies shall he used in lieu of the United States mail.
Twentieth — The annual meeting for the election of members to fill
vacancies upon the tribunal shall be the annual schedule meeting of the
Twenty-first — This enactment for the government of players may be
altered or amended at any annual or schedule meeting of the League by a
Twenty-second— The President of thi authorized to publish this
measure in the Official records of the League book, and to provide a suf-
ficient number of copies of the same to supply all requirements "f a tii
distribution among players and employees of the clubs, members of the
Twenty-third— The members of said hoard shall meet at some com
point within thirty days from its creation and establish rides and regula-
Eor its government not inconsistent with this "measure,* 1 and shall
hart the right to employ a Btenographei at the expense of the League in the
cases mentioned in section 8 at any joint meeting of the members of said
After a full discussion of the report it was, upon motion,
On motion, adjourned to 3 o'clock P. M.
Meeting called to order by the chairman at 8 o'clock p. M.
( in motion, a unanimous vote of thanks was tendered to Mr.
J. T. Brush for lite very able manner in which lie presented
the committee's report in what is known as the Bmsh Resolu-
tion, also to the committee, of which Mr. Brush was chairman,
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
for the very able resolutions presented in relation to the death
of Mr. Byrne.
On motion, it was unanimously agreed that hereafter we
accept no banquets at any League meeting.
On motion, that when we adjourn we adjourn to meet in
New York City on ihe second Tuesday in December. The
dale for holding the annua] meeting of the Board of Arbitral ion
i ilso changed to same date.
On motion, adjourned to meet at 10 o'clock A. M. on the fol-
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 2, 1898,
Meeting called to order at 12 o'clock noon, and proceeded to
consider amendments to the Playing Rules, which as amended
were adopted as follows (see 1'Iaying Rule-).
The Schedule Committee submitted its report, which was
On motion, a recess was taken until 8 r. \i.
Meeting called to order at 8 o'clock P. M.
On motion, the committee known as the " Brush Committee"
The following resolution was unanimously adopted :
Rtsolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the
late Charles II. Byrne, this body hereby declines to fill the
existing vacancy in the National Hoard of Arbitration, and
that no steps be taken to till the vacancy until the time of said
vacancy shall be terminated by limitation.
The Secretary presented communications from the Sporting
Life Publishing Co., and the Sporting News of St. Louis, in
relation to advertising official matter for 1898.
On motion, it was decided that the League would not employ
an official organ for the present year.
On motion, the following agreement, introduced by John T.
Brush and signed by the Presidents of League Clubs, becomes
a part of our records :
In the interest of reform upon the ball field, and to prevent
rowdyism, ungcntlemanly conduct and unnecessary contention
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
by ball players, I agree to instruct my manager, and agree that
he shall instruct his players, that no decision t.i an umpire or
assistant umpire, whether right or wrong, just or unjust, shall
be questioned or disputed by a player on my team during the
schedule season of 1898. Thai I will insist upon the strict and
unequivocal enforcement of the Playing Rules, which provide
as follows :
Coach 1 Nf; Ruxjss,
The Coacher shall be restricted to coaching the base-runner only, and
shall not be allowed to address any remarks except to the base-runner, and
then only in words of necessary direction ; and shall not use language which
will in any manner refer to or reflect upon a player of the opposing club, the
umpire or the spectators, and not more than one coacher, who may be a
player participating in the game, or any other player under contract to it,
in the uniform of either club, shall be allowed at any one time, except, that
if base-runners are occupying two or more of the bases, then tin: captain and
one player, or two players in the uniform of either club, may occupy the
between the players' lines and the captains' lines to coach base-
runners. To enforce the above the captain of the opposite side may call the
attention of the umpire to the offense, and, upon a repetition of the same,
the offending player shall be debarred from further participation in the
game, and shall leave the playing field forthwith.
The Sole Judge of Play.
SECTION 1. The umpire is the sole and absolute judge of play. In no
Instance shall any person, except the captains of the competing teams, be
allowed to address him or question his decisions, and they (the captains) can
only question him as to tit,- legal interpretation of the rules ; ami tiny shall
not be permitted t<> lean- their proper positions in so doing unless Permitted
by the umpire. The proper positions are: The Coa,h,?'\ fox for the tap-
tain /or the side which is at l-at, and his regular fielding position '
captain in the field. No manager or any other official of cither club shall
be permitted to go on the field or address the umpire, under a penalty of a
forfeiture of a game.
I agree to discipline any player, captain or manager on my
team who violates this agreement.
1 also agree to discipline any player, captain or manager who
may deserve it for a violation of this agreement upon the ball
Jichls of my associates if advised of the necessity for doing so
by the President of the club upon whose grounds the offense
I further agree to use every legitimate effort to afford visiting
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
chilis full protection from the abuse of spectators upon my
J. T. BRUSH,
1'i.sl. ( irii innati Ball Club.
JAMES A. 11 ART,
Prtst, Chicago tragus Ball Club,
J. EARL WAGNER,
National Ball Club^ Washington^ />. C
A. H. SODEN,
Prist, boston Base Ball Association.
FRANK Df.II. ROBISON,
Prest. Cleveland Base Ball Co,
HARRY C. PULLIAM,
Brest. Louisville Base Ball Club.
/'rest. Baltimore Base Ball and Exhibition Co,
CHARLES II. EBBETS,
Prist. Brooklyn Ball Club.
W. II. WATKINS,
I'rest. Pittsburg Athletic Co.
A. J. REACH,
Prat. Philadelphia Ball Club, I.im.
B. S. MUCKENFUSS,
Prest. St. Louis Bass Ball Club.
Prest. New York Base Bali Club.
ADDRESS TO FLAYERS.
Dkar Sir :
At a meeting of the National League and American Association of Pro-
fessional Base Kail Clubs, held in St. Louis, February 28, [806, a measure
was adopted for the suppression of the use of obscene and vulgar language
by ball players upon the ball field. The enormity of this evil and (lie extent
te which it has grown, as shown by the v.»,i amount of evidence thai was
submitted by those having a knowledge of the facts, has made it imperative
('ii the part of the League to adopl drastic measures for its suppression.
This committee is instructed by tin . serve all players under
contract to a club member of the National League and American fkssocia-
Eton Of Professional Base Ball Clubs with a copy of the law above referred
to, which will be in force this season. You are requested to carefully read
the same and become acquainted with all of its provisions and its Intents
and purposes. We say to you frankly and cmphatic.dly that vulgarity and
ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE.
obscenity upon the bail field must be stopped, regardless of results to the
player who gives off<
This adress, the law, and the private instructions will be furnished and
read to you, and you aw each required t>< sign an acknowledgement, to be
filed with the President "t the League, that this measure is fully undei
The Board of Discipline is i omp i who have had large experience
in matters pertaining to base ball* They arc men of national reputation and
all selected to ^tvc upon ibis tribunal because of fitness, high cfaara* ter and
interest in the future of the game. No member of the tribunal has a finan-
cial interest in the Nation i in any of its clubs ; thei
may be expected to act impartially and for what may be deemed to
the besl interest of base ball.
If any player suffers because of this law of reform and its penalties, it
will be his own fault. There is nothing in the game that calls for the Use "f
vile language, and the League is positively determined that ungentlen
language in a gentleman's game shall no longer be permitted. In the
let it be understood that no player need ever again submit tamely and with-
out redress to the filthy and insulting language of an opposing player. In
the future let it be understood that the umpire is not without redress and is
not to lie driven into resigning because >if the vile insults which u ill aoi
mit lii tii to serve longer without entire loss of sell respect.
Lei it be distinctly understood that in the future we propose to protect the
patrons from the villainously filthy language that is used by a very limited
number of players. Let it be fully understood by club official, umpire and
player that this measure results from a cry of alarm from the press and the
and in response to the universal demand for reformation the
■if to the press and public to suppress the evils hereby
BOUght to be remedied at any or whatever cost.
T. Brush, j
On motion, adjourned.
N. E. YOUNG, Secretary.
James A. Hart, > Committee,
A. H. SoDKN,
A. IF. SO HEX, Chairman.
OFFICERS AMI PLAYERS.
OFFICERS AND PLAYERS
The following is ;m official list of the officers of the National
League ami American Association of Professional Base Hall
ciulis, ami officers and players of clubs, members thereof, for
tliu season of 1898, so far as completed to March, 1S98.
N. E. YOUNG, President arid Secretary,
1417 G St., X. W., Washington, !>.('.
II. R. V*ON DER HORST, A. J. REACH, J. E. WAGNER,
II. c:. rt i.i.iwi, C. Von der Ahe,
\v. II. Watkins.
CHICAGO BALL CLUB, CHICAGO, II. I,.
I \ ■;. A. Hart, President, Thos. Burns, Manager.
\V. L. Everett,
T. C. Donahue,
Geo. A. Decker,
M. J. Kittridge,
\\'m. A. Lange,
It. I" . BriggS,
]■ isher Building,
W. I. Dahlen,
C. C. Griffith,
J. J. < 'allahan,
1 1. Friend,
W. J. McCormick,
W. M. Thornton,
W. S. Woods,
1'. I.. Chance,
I. * lonnpr.
BOSTON BASE BALL ASSOCIATION, BOSTON, MASS.
A. II. Soden, President, 410 Atlantic Ave.
I-'. A. KJbbedanz,
W. ('.. Mills,
! .. C. Long,
W. E, BransBeld,
Win. II. Keister,
I'. Ti imcy,
Win. R. I [amilton,
Edward M. Lewis*
R. M. I. owe,
J. R. Slivclls,
C. K. Pittinger,
Jas. J. Collins.
BALTIMORE BASE BALL CLUB, BALTIMORE, Ml>.
EDWARD HaNLON, President! Room 2, American BIdg.
Hughes, f. Sli T. O'Brien,
W. Robinson, J. Quinn, W.J.Clark,
I. McGraw, McGana, E. DeMontreville.
J. Mc James,
OFFICERS AND PLAYERS.
BROOKLYN HASH BALL CLUB, BROOKLYN, N. Y.
ClIAS. II. EBBETS, President. F. A. A bell, Treas.
J. Anderson, Jas. Sheckard, T. J. Tucker,
W. W. Hallman, J. Yeager, P. j. Crlsham,
I-'. C. Ilansfield, J. H. Grim, A. Smith,
Will. Kennedy, F, A. Junes, J. Dunn,
H.P.Payne, A. I). 'Miller, E. E. Horton,
J. II. Ryan, J. W. Bean, Ceo. LaChance.
CLEVELAND BASE BALL COMPANY, CLEVELAND,
Frank De HASS Roiiison, President, Cuyahoga Bldg.
II. C. Blake,
J. C. Burkett,
C. L. Chi Ids,
E. f. McKean,
L. W. McAllister,
O, I ). Pickering,
L. !•', Sockalexis,
R. J. Wallace,
I). T. Young,
C. L. Zinimer,
J. R. McAleer,
CINCINNATI BASE BALL CLUB
C, S. Dorin,
J. \V. Holliday,
BRUSH, President. N. A. Li.ovd
Court and Plum Streets.
C. II. Peitz,
I liinv Vaughn,
C. li. Miller,
A. G. McBride
I. A. Mcl'hee,
\V. C. Hill,
|. P. Beckley.
NATIONAL EXHIBITION CO., NEW YORK CITY.
Andrew Ekkkdman, President, 142 Broadway,
II. A. BONNELL, Secretary.
G. E. Van Haltrer,
I. |. Warner,
P. A. Wilson,
\V. R. Wilmot,
D. W. Zearfoss,
\V. Ii. Burns,
G. S. Davis,
E. R. Dolieny,
M. J. Sullivan,
J. li. Seymour,
M. W. Grady,
T. L. McCreery,
P. A. Sperlein,
OFFICERS AND PLAYERS.
PHILADELPHIA BALL CI. UK (Limited), PHILA.
A. J. Reach, President, Jno. I. Rogers, Treas,
R, I). Cooley,
(',. T, Stallings, Jno. A. ISoyle,
S. I.. Thompson, J. P. Fifield,
E. |. Delehanty, N. Lajoie,
Edw. Dunkle, W. B.Douglass,
Geo. Wheeler, [acob fameson,
F. L. Donohue, W. H. Piatt,
E. Flick, N. Elbeifiehl,
LOUISVILLE BASE BALL CLUB, LOUISVILLE, KY.
II. C. PuLLIAM, President. BARNEY Dkeyecss, Treas.
510 Equitable Building.
E. Cunningham, W. Clingman, W. Magee,
\V. II. Clarke P. Howling, (lias. Stewart,
F, Clark, W. E. Hoy, Win. Wilson,
PITTSBURG BASE BALL CLUB, PITTSBURG, PA.
W. II. Watkins, President, 1120 Park Building,
P, J. Donovan,
1 1. Davis,
W. F. Ely,
C. M. Hastings,
W. F. Hart, W. P. Rhines,
J. IIofTmeister, A. Sliaw,
F. Killen, J. H. Tannehill,
J. A. McCarthy, Wm. Wolfe,
II. O'llagan, [. A. Gardner,
1). Padden, W. S. Brodie,
J, Rothfuss, S. I.eever.
LOUIS BASE BALL CLUB, ST. LOUIS, MO.
B. S. MuCKENFOSS, President, 2809 Grand Ave.
Jas. llughey, J.B.Taylor, W. Carsey,
T.Smith, J. W. Holmes, D, l.ally,
L. Bierbauer, T. J. Dowd, L. Cross,
(. I Gilpatrick, P. I). Coleman, G. A. Turner,
R. II. Hall, T. E. Clifford, K. J. Ilarley,
P, Daniels, C. J. Crooks, J. Clements.
WASHINGTON NATIONAL BASE BALL CLUB,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Geo. W. Wagnek, President. J.
E. G. Dixon, W. E, Donovan,
Chas. Farrell, A. Weyhing,
T. Leahy, John Doyle,
T. T. Brown, W. B. Mercer,
•;aiu. Wagner, Treat,
M. S. A mole,
I tcob Gettman,
CHARLES H. BYRNE.
Mr. President : We meet in annual session to trans-
act the business of the League. The same causes that
havi i - id thi past have brought us again to-
gether. We are animated by the same motives thai have
influenced us in former vears arid the promotion" of the best
interests of the National League occupies our attention.
While we are thus engaged we at -us of the
absence of a vital torce that has been potent in former
conventions. Cognizant of the loss we have sustained in
our counsels that comes from wisdom, judgment, loyalty,
and courage of conviction, it is lilting and proper that
we should pause in our deliberations ami pay such
tribute as we may to the memory of one who has been fore-
most in legislating for ihe elevation and promotion of the
rt most loved by Americans and who has been ai
in its establishment upon a solid and permanent I asi
Charles II. iByrne tvas born Sept. 15, 1843, aim died
Jan. 4, 189S, after an illni :S3 of more than one year.
He became interested in base ball in the spring of
1SS3, having organized the Brooklyn base Ball Associa-
tion, and from until the last meeting of the
National League during i i week in November,
al Philadelphia, he has been an important person-
age in all i ltrn history of the game.
What is herein set forth relates solely to Mr. Byrne's
connection with the National game, which may be lik-
ened unto a ship upon a troubled sea, tossed by adverse
wind and tide upon many a rock and reef, oft tin. ati m d
with wreck and destruction, yet has weathered the
storms of fale ami rides majestic upon the calm ami un-
ruffled waters of popularity and public fcoi
We will cross the threshold of Mr. Byrne's life where
he, in the interest of the National sport, began his work
of devotion ; speak of him as he aj hiring the
years in which hi; nam< became honored ami
of 1 hi 1 , within the domain
of hallowed Calvary, part witli him where the rays of a
winter's sun fall aslant the tomb that received him.
Mr. Byrne posses • ago know! cry
detail of base ball. lb- was equally at home whether
discussing the Playing Rules, the Constitution, the-
re of I eform 1 I
lated to advance the general good of all engaged in the
game, whether in the interest of major or minor organi-
zation. He has been foremost in the promotion of every
;ressive measure. He has been a leader in every
ite. He has taken upon every question that
involved the rights of players, the interest of the public
and i he recognition of th pr< No detail thai w as
pertinent has ever been deemed too small to reci ive lis
consideration. The small as well as the great was in-
d < 1 in his character.
His ability and sagacity have made him a conspicuous
figure upon the National Board ol Arbitration, and bis
lit and executive capacity have given him
prominence upon all important committees. He has
earnest, steadfast and modest : arduous and endur-
ing; calm amid alarms, yet alert; watchful of vested
rights, but unselfish; lirm in opinion though not intoler-
ant ; rigid in his faith and graciously yielding if con-
fronted with conclusive logic. The elevation of the
game and the approbation of the public were the pri-
mary motives with Mr. Byrne; his individual interest
was secondary. Mr. Byrne was an ideal exponent of the
game. Diplomatic, courteous, friendly, with a brain
that could reason, a tongue that could persuade, and a
that could convert, lie was enabled through pene-
tration ami judgment to blaze a pathway through many
a jungle ol difficulty.
Some stand upon a pedi tl there is
room upon it for but one. Mr. Byrne Btood upon one so
broad that there was always t tl for those who shared
his views or who became converts lo them.
The full measure of Mr. Byrne's worth as a man was
appreciated most perhaps in his friendships. " Pure
friendship is something which men of an inferior intel-
an never taste and the vulgar herd estimate it by
its advantages." Loyal, considerate, obliging, mourned
and missed by friends who loved him for what he was
and for what he did, it will be said of him, " Whi
di parted he took .< ' lift ■■■ il h him."
Nothing i an i loud his la ; tabli I of stone or limn, e
can add no leal to his laurels. His monument is the
game itsell and t In- ffort and devotion in
its archives the inscription, and to this we leave him.
JAMES A. HART, )
"|t >|l\ I. ROGERS, ' -mini//,;
JOHN T. BRUSH, )
TKIBU'lK.s OF THE PRESS.
TRIBUTES OF THE PRESS.
"Integrity, honesty, sagacity and sincerity were the chief attributes of
Charles H. Byrne, who was a man in every sense of the word, and a true
friend. His loss is irreparable, and it will be many years before the National
League will find his equal. In his dealings with the newspaper fraternity
he earned the respect and admiration of all, because he always said what he
thought, and was at all times above board. His death is mourned by every
base ball writer in Greater New York." — Joseph Vila, New York Sun.
" Knowing Charles II. Byrne from the time of his entree into base ball, I
can truly say that not only the National game but the newspaper fraternity
as well lost a valued friend when the Great Umpire called him out." — Rem
Uulpord, Jr., Cincinnati Post.
"So long as base ball lives the name of Charles H. Byrne, who helped to
place the game on the high standard which it now occupies, will nevei
— J. Ed. Grillo, Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.
"The spirit of Charles H. Byrne, his wisdom, tact and a I tributes as i man
can never b>: ■ om the si mil of memory that lce< - en the
names <<f Hulbert and Harry Wright." — Job CaMPSSLL, Sporting Editor
To our departed friend, Charles H. Byrne —
Staunch as the sturdy forest tree
That stands defiant of the gale,
A true and toyal friend was he.
Not one to falter or to fail.
And we thai knen him ill can spare
His helpful n eds of grace.
. nd ever fair
The flow'rs above his resting place.
— C. B. Power, Pittsburg Leader.
" The National League loses a tireless and consumacious worker for the
best interests of base ball, one whose good efforts were always equal
power, in the death of Charles H. Byrne."— W.u. i hk M. ROBUON, Sporting
Editor Cleveland Plain Dealer.
] l;ll:l TES OF I HE PRESS.
"Charles H. Byrne »vas to the great National game what John Marshall
was to American constitutional law, it-- builder and moulder. He was more
than that, he was the far-seeing statesman that builded for the future of
ill as well as for its i 111 mediate Well-being, He was the 'Tally rand that
by his diplomacy st< ase ball ship of state between many a storm
encin led Scylla and Chan bdi i in safety, and best oi all, he was a generous,
whole-souled, honest gentleman." — Frank F, Patterson, Base Ball Re-
I" 'i ter Ball imore Sun.
,. J Wm, C, W atkins, Base Ball Editor Baltimore American.
[Joseph Cdmmings, Base Ball Editor Baltimore News.
"Nap rtg the magnati end of minor leagues, dia-
mond boulder in foundation of National game this was Charley Byrne." —
T. II. Murnane, Boston Gl<
"A Napoleon in has.- ball as field marshal of the American Association,
who would not evei 1 to a Wellington of the National i
! upon terms of equity g laranteed to all interested parties; a just
and brilliaj faithful and lovable friend." —
iii FogeLj Philadelphia 1 ■
" President Byrne's death i ■■ the most serious blow base ball lias sustained
in many years."— Bert Crowhuri r. Sporting Editor Philadelphia Bulletin.
" Brooklyn, whose honor he upheld in life and where his body now lies in
, mourns the 1 I H, Byrnes Lhe most ardent and faithful
supporter of the National game. He did more than any other to promote
the welfare and honesty not alone of base ball bat of all else as well." —
\ \ 1 lgbk, Brooklyn Eagle.
"Mr. Byrne had a kind heart. That means he possessed nearly all the
other virtues. — K. S. Sheridan, Sporting Editor Chicago Tribune.
" The leath of C. H« Byrne i> irreparable. 1
of mserval ive legislation." —
Ed. W. s.mi 1 ir, Sporting Editor Chicago Times-Herald.
"The recent d< tth of < hai ■ H. Byrne was a sad blc-n ball He
stood for all that wa hem 1 . 1 lean and upright in this our National
ts a pillar of the sport and enj ■ I his convictions." —
Wn.t, L. Douglas, Sporting Editor Louisville Courier-Journal.
"The Pittsburg public regard*
and energetic men ■ ■ ■ .- ball. He spared neithei
iiey in advam
John H. Gruber, Sportin ttsburg Post.
M. NsLLiSf Sporting Editor Commercial Gazette.
l RIB1 l ES OF THE PRESS.
" Base ball lovers the country over will miss the coming season one of the
truest frienda the gaiw ' : •Charles K.Byrne.**— LovisSass, Sporting
Editor Chicago Record,
" In the death of Byrne base ball has suffered an irrenn As a
man ami a friend he will be missed more than as a magnate," - II. S. Ful-
lkbton, Base Ball Editor Chi ago I ribune.
" Byrne's mission in base bail world was a comprehensive one and he ful-
filled it nobly, leaving his impress indelibly stamped on National game, tie
was uncommonly endowed with brilliant ideas and ability to advocate them.
V. a ever prompted by honesty of purpose, forb faring to opponents and a
real friend to the player and patron of the game. 1 *— John D. Pkinglb,
Sporting Editor Pittsburg Dispatch.
"Charles If. Byrne was a steadfast, strong and wise defender of good
faith, good morals and good sense in the National game of America." —
\V. K. MbRRlCK, Cleveland Leader.
" Base ball writers may well mourn the loss of such a friend and sympa-
thizer as Charles II. iiyrne."~jACOli C. fcfORSB, Huston Herald.
"Byrne's loss to base ball almost irreparable. He was white-souled
king among men, and clubfl and players will ever reverence his memory." —
James Nolan, Sporting Editor Louisville Dispatch.
M (liarles H. Byrne's name wi > base ball posterity along with
two grand figures of the National game, W. H. Hulbert and Harry
It was my pleasure t" be intimately acquainted with the late
President of the Brooklyn club. He was a thorough sportsman, a just
arbitrator, a fr'eud of the player and a power in the legislative councils of
base ball."— Harry M. Weldon, Sporting Editor Cincinnati Enquirer.
i i  of America had DO greater friend than the late
C. H. Byrne. He showed his appreciation of them by hut honest dealings
with them, and th im for it." — C. H. Zubes, Sporting Editor
''Official League Statistics
COMPILED BY N, E. YOUNG, PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE.
Of Players Who Have Taken Part in Fifteen or More Cham-
pionship Games — Season of J 897.
) Hamilton —
J Van Haltren.
) Anderson.. . .
j Thornton . .
( Douglas. . . .
Boston and Washington.
St. I .ouis
II I 168
11. ■ 186
81 ! 112
42 1 17
(J I '.Ml
Hi I 554
batting records — Continued,
1 Miller ,
HolTmeister. . .
I 1 Lirtiitan. . . .
( Pickering. . .
O'Connor.. . .
87 1 16
New York and Cincinnati
Baltimore 47' 182
Pittsburg 4V 189
Pittsburg 128 168
New Yo,k 184 568
Mew York 4-1 158
Cincinnati 62 174
Washington and Pittsburg.. 43 145
Pittsburg 105 I '
rlc 110 3W
St. Louis 126528
iti 78 258
Louisville and Cleveland... 101) 421:
Cincinnati 134 505
Louisville 08 24C
Cincinnati 128 198
St. Louis H>2
DO : "I
Rusie New York ..- Si
St. Lotos ISO
. Harley St. Louis
[ Ritchie Cincinnati 100 88!
,: J ,ll
..'« 1 1
1 -j- 1
BATTING KF.CORMS — Continual,
I 1 h\ yer
\IH reery.. .
I Dofl d,
ey . ...
! ■ I
I \I. Kenn,. . . .
; \|. * tormick..
Kennedy. . . .
' ■ ey
1 M Farland.
\ !■ I.
in I ".-it
I John ■
right . -
Louisville ami New York... 188 522
St. Louis and Philadi
Louisville and New VerL... 80806
Washington 102 891
New York 1 is I In
Pittsburg 185 515
W,\- N ork 21 66
St. I is and Philadcl] i ia 81 88!
New York I HI 891
Chicago 24 91
Cleveland 121 521
i in- e 100 -113
Pittsburg 56 207
Cincinnati 39 122
New York and Louisville.. . 119 405
i in. innati M 3*0
Brooklyn 42 14f
Philadelphia and St. Louis.. 15 52
Baltimore 88 188
St. Louis and Philadelphi
Cleveland Ill II
Baltimore 71 284
■ n 76 288
Philadelphia 71 871
Pittsburg II 132
Cleveland 81 11
'I 391 II
Philadelphia and St. I ,ui I. 112 181
New York II III
. 28 1
. 28 1
21 1 '
I \l. AVERAGES.
i. \ i i inc rei i ads — Continued.
i P i.
- Clements. . . .
I ( Yeager
' ' , Holler
,.., i FifieW
■'■' i Donahue....
86 I Clingman . . .
McAleer . . .
I Canavan .
I Young. .. .
i Hawley . ■
1 1 1 Wheeler....
I ►< .nnelly. ■ ■
Murphy. . .
Mcjamcs. . .
Gardner. . . .
I Rogers. . .
Hughey. . . .
St. Louis 43 15.-,
lirooklyn 18 45
Baltimore 31 90
Washington 84 318
Louisville 30 96
Philadelphia B 184
lirooklyn 31 105
Baltimore 41 148
Chicago 40 161
Philadelphia 21 ',',
Louisville 20 60
St. Louis 78
Louisville 115 106
Cleveland 88 189
St. Louis 22 83
igton 21 71
nd 83 89
Cleveland 35 11',
sd IB 156
Baltimore 28 92
St. Louis II IBS
Pittsburg 36 125
Cincinnati 27 66
lirooklyn 113 180
■ 86 131
' i ,
turg and New York. .
( in, innati
OFFICIAL W TRACKS.
FIELDING RECORD, 1897.
' PConaer. . . .
LaChance . . . .
1 Roth fuss. . .
1 Beck ley. . . .
Carlwright. . .
Boston and Washington., .
Cincinnati and New York.
Philadelphia and St. Louis.
I Cross. . . .
Chicago . .
Phila. and St. Louis
St. Louis and Phila. .
800 108 56
OS 90 14
83 122 18
Clingman. . .
Donnelly. . .,
Hartman. .. .
mrg and New York.
194 255 :u
218 308 SB
I!:", I!.", 28
1 ( ; 228 85
70 12] I'.i 210
179 '<MK ir,
1 lU 87
258 6 1
< ori i >ran
I Kir- hie
i i ntreville.,
Louisville and New York.
I ."iii-.'. ille
-ii i i.
j Lajoic.. .
I Cooley .
l.ouisvil le. ...
Cleveland . . . .
Pittsburg . . .
OUTFIELDERS — Continual.
( Houseman. . .
\ Hamilton . . . .
I Van llaltren..
' * Seler
i !•'.. E. Smith..
\< u- York
st. 1.. mis
! I I ■-. I 1 > 1 1
i i ! ■-•
St. 1. Mills
I ouisand Philadelphia
W'hingtoii and Pin
N'-w York and Louisville.
Louisville and New York.
•il 1 1
3 1 8
CATl HERS' RECORDS.
Ziminer. . . .
M. i roire . . -
Cv i ;."'
I Sugden. . .
| Merritt. . .
Don-las. . . .
A. Smith.. .
St. Louis and Philadelphia
6 1 222
B8 1 1
S | -jo
18 I I
; i 16
PITCHERS' RECORDS IN ALPHABETICAL 01
6 1 *j
nati. — ....
.824 B.20'8 I"
.800 ."1 1.14
hi 1 58
.262 1 R6 1 71
* Exclusive of lie game*.
.OFFICIAL A\ ERAGES,
PITCHERS' RECORDS — < t*fi tin ufd.
Donotitte. . .
Friend. ■ - ■ ■
rlawley . - -
Kennedy. . .
Mei cer . . ..
Mcjaines. . .
Nli h Is
■ Iiill ..
Thornton . .
i v lor
< i ■ B,
Baltimi n i
Wash in \ i
[ton . . . .
Philadelpl ia., ..
. riphia —
. I. Ml
.858 8.89 1
.241 1.84 !
.812 6.47 2
,288 1.66 ■■
.898 5.65 8
.8926 86 8
298 6.07 '.'
11 1 19
2! 1 B
. -i ■■:,
* Exclusive of tie games.
~'2 f ■*■
— *i /^
"_' Re .
a »t - „
— .T» -7'
5i eJ ©
^ . = —
— » Jreo
S - a -
7 ' ffi "*c
u >. = *)
s < • ■
H "*53 CI
— -■ -■
^ ■ >. -
"' -* -■
— ~ "' •
— ' H SB
5i ?! ! m •
. — 7
>& ■ a
-. 1 U
t so .
K H ■ -:
— .-' DO
si ~ j S
a => * »
• ■ f
- *""■ ^ —
*~ * ^s
Q.JU A c^
"' '. >,*
a - = S
._- _ * • OS
S,s B J
< "i -, a
few — ' -
CO « *-
a - - .--
w ifl ,- j
09* — . if
- > ; j
> — o »r
p ™ a *
(1, • y -
< S3 -''
:- — * " —
= — — —
■ - ■-: -■
■ . > -
5 ^ - •
<X — , —
K W " _•
a '- — j
< - £ '■
- . 3 2
- - — .
c - J -
_' £■ -
"a .„* / •
a * f. __
„ . .a
S a < i -'
>. :• _• "
7; "J —
A . - .
j-" — w
= - = -T'
— .■■< -
— ~ ,«
> '■'■ -if
7» .J .
X 1 — t> -
— .- ;
3 1" * —
* T e of
, SO ^.~*
Jl'— 1 u ~
— ,■/. »
« j.' J B
- a '« •
-r- ■: j .
OFFICE OP PRESIDENT
NATIONAL LEAGUE and AMERICAN ASSOCIATION
PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS.
fit JfOUKC MM
ty&gy^ZC &JIAK £f /MS
Trade = Mark
The Spalding League Bal 1
adopted by the National League
and American Association of
Professional Base Ball Clubs.
Warranted to last a full game
without ripping or losing us
elasticity or shape.
No. J . The Spalding Official League Ball . . .$ | .50
No. | B. The Spalding Official Boys' League
Ball, for Junior Clubs | .00
No. 0« "Double Scam 11 Ball, double stitched
and warranted to last a full game | .50
No. X. 1 lie Spalding "Commercial League,"
regulation size, warranted | ,00
No. 2- " Professional" Ball, regulation size
and weight, warranted a first-class ball 75
No. 2B, " Hoys' Professional," same as No. 2,
in boys* size 35
No. 3. "Amateur" Ball, regulation size,
horschide cover 50
No. 5. " King of the Diamond." regulation
size and well made , 35
No. 7, " Boys' Favorite," regulation size,
horschide cover »25
No. 7B. " League Junior," slightly under
regulation size, horschide cover 25
No. |0- "High Flyer," a very lively ball 25
No. g. "Victor" Ball, regulation size 20
No. |4. " Boys' Amateur" Ball, little under
regulation size .15
(All of the above in separate box and sealed.)
No. 8. "Eureka" Ball, nearly regulation
No. 93. " Boys' Lively" Ball, high bounder.. . IO
No. |3. "Rocket" Ball, the best made 05
No.'|5. " Dandy" Ball, two-piece cover 05
No. |6- "Boss" Ball, four-piece cover .05
new york A. G. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
Spalding's Trademark Bats.
fue Model, made of finest selected
1 fit) t*fa m s9 timber, oil finish, and in various models.
No. A I . J5. Q IpOi(lw& Each bat in separate bag. Length i
*£—C^l""^ »4, 85 and 3b* inches. Highest quality.
Each 75C -
No 3'0, Spalding's Black End Wagon Tongue Ash Bat, League
quality. Handle roughened by uur patented process for better grip.
^*°- OX. Spalding's Black End "Axletree" Bat, finest straight grained
ash, improved models Each, 25c»
No. 2X. Spalding's Black End "Antique 1 * Finish Bat, extra quality
a*h Each, 20c.
No. 4. Spalding's Black End Willow Bat, highly finished and |
and th t light wood bat made Each, 25C.
Spalding's Trade=Mark Boys' Bats.
fc-. .. ■ f
N»- 3X. Spalding Junior, extra quality ash ; lengths, 30 an. 1 88 in. hes.
No. 2XB. Spaldlng'« Black End Antique Bat, selected ash;
31 inches Each, | Oc.
No. |0. Spaldin i Boys' Ash Bat ; length, 26 inches.
new york A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
Black Enameled Sun Protecting Mask.
s\t */t) *1**4 Thia is not only the
Tmffiffiflffldt "Hi^he^t Quality" Mask
N i. 4/0. (X? Jf\!^r *\f* made by us, but hai
y^/^w ^ ^ pur patent sunshadt
^^ mk ^^ is Formed by a p
molded leather securely fastened to b p, farming a per-
fect shade to the eye without obstructing the view or
materially increasing the weight of the mask.
of be tied steel wire, extra heavy and black
enameled, thus further preventing the reflection of
light. The mask throughout is constructed of the
best material and has been highly endorsed by
the lea ers Each, $5.06
Spalding's Black Enameled Masks.
No. 3'Q. ^ lir Patent Neck Protecting Mask has an
extension at bottom giving absolute protection to the
neck, without interfering in the least with the move-
menta oi the head. The wire is of best annealed steel,
is extra heavy and covered witl name! to pre-
atthe refl© ti< f light. The padding is filled with
hair and faced with finest imported dog!
which, being impervious to , . always re-
mains soft and pleasant to the face Each, $4.00
No. 2-'0. Sp i 1 ! rue Mask, made of extra h
and best soil annealed steel wire, blw k enameled,
padding filled with goat hair and covered with finest
imported dogskin Each, $3.00
No. O^X. Regulation League Mask, made of heavy
soft annealed steel wire, black enameled, the padding
well stuffed an 1 fai ed with specially tanned ;
Warranted first-class and reliable in every particular.
Regulation League Masks.
No. O. This mass: i i of lualtty as our
No. OX mask, except that the soft annealed steel wire
is bri ding is well stuffed and
faced with specially tanned borsehidcEach, $2. CO
Spalding's Amateur Masks.
No. A. Spalding's Amateur Mask, made in same
andgenei I as out League masks, but of lighter
soft ! ! teel wire, well padded, strongly coi
structedand warranted perfectly safe. ..Each, $ | ,50
No. B. Spalding's Amateur Boys' Mask, made in same
l Etna quality as our No. A mask, only smaller in
i ii boys Kach,$fl.OO
No. L, Spalding's Men's Mask, heavy wire, well
padded Each, $ | .00
No. C. Spalding's Youths 1 Masks, heavy wire and well
bout head or chin piece Each, 75C.
No. D, Spalding's Youths* Masks, light wire and pad-
ded, with >Ut lici I ( r (bin piece Each, 50C.
No. E. Spa! 'Masks, light wire and padi
without 1 piece Each, 25c.
new york A. G. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
Spalding's Catchers' Mits.
All of our Mits arc furnished for either the Right or Left Hand. The
Left Hand Mit always sent unless otherwise ordered. No Throwing
Glove furnished with any of our Mits.
. o /jt) Jtfi— A This Mit, hearing
No. 7/CX MGllMWttP ,he Trade-Mark of
(tfJf -•»"*"•■" J our"Highest Qual-
K ~^ f C -* ^ ity" goods, is suffi-
cient guarantee that it is the most perfect glove
in all its details that our past experience en-
ables us to produce. The leather is of the finest
quality, specially tanned for that purpose, the
padding and workmanship of the very best,
and the additional feature of lace back make
it — as we intend it shall be — the "Perfeci i
of Catchers' Mits. Made in Rights and
Lefts Each, $7.50
No. 5/0. Spalding's League Mit is made
throughout of specially tanned and selected
buckskin, making it an extra strong and dur-
able mit, at the same time being very soft and
pliable. It has our patent Lace Back and
heavily padded. Made in Rights and Lefts.
No. O* The Spalding Mit, face, sides and finger-
piece are made of velvet tanned deerskin, and
the back of selected asbestos buck, making an
exceedingly easy-fitting and durable mit. It
has our patent Lace Back and well padded.
Made to Rights and Lefts Each, $2.50
No. OX. Spalding's "Decker Patent " Mit is
made exactly the same as our No. Mit, soft
tanned deerskin, with the addition of a heavy
piece of sole leather on back for extra protec-
tion to the hand and fingers, as shown in cut.
It has us well the patent Lace Back, and is ex-
tremely well padded. Made in Rights and
Lefts Each, $3, CO
No. A. Spalding's Amateur Mit is made of extra
quality asbestos buck, perspiration proof and
extremely tough and durable. It has our
put -Mit lace Back, reinforced at thumb and well
made and padded. Made in Rights and Lefts.
No 3. The Spalding Practice Mit is made of
soft tanned leather, well finished throughout
and substantially padded. Made in High',*
and Lefts Each, $ | .00
new york A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
Spalding's Boys' Catchers' Mits.
No. OXB. Spalding's "Decker Patent" Boys'
League Mit, face, edge strip and finger*piei
of velvet tanned deerskin, very soft and perspira-
tion proof. The heavy piece of sole leather o;i
baclc affords extra protection to hand and fingers.
It lias the patent Lace Back and is extra well pad-
ded. Made in Rights and Lefts Each, $2. CO
No. 2. Spalding's Hoys' Mit, face and finger-piece
■ i mit made of drab tanned buckskin, the back of
lighter and the edge-strip of darker tanned leather.
It has our patent Lace Back, well padded and fin-
ished and reinforced at thumb. Made in Rights
and Lefts, and little larger in size than our ■
Boys' Mits Each, $ | .50
No. 4. Spalding's Boys' Mit is made of soft tanned
suede leather. It is extremely well padded and
v finished throughout. Made in Rights and
Lefts Each, 50C.
No. 5. Spalding's Boys' Mit, all leather, soft and
durable. Well made throughout, heavily padded
and superior to any Boys' Mit ever offered at the
price Each, 25C.
No. ©. Boys' Mit, leather face, canvas back, well
y "--'- padded Each, | 5c.
No, 7. Boys' Mil, all canvas Each, | OC-
Spalding's Basemen's Mit.
Basemen's Mit, made
of fine selected and
made throughout, mid
d to meet the special requirements
in. hi's Mii. It adapts itself nicely to the can!
, i the hand without undue straining, and the
addition of our patent I. ace Back and" Hi
Quality " Trade Mark la a sufficient guaran
ii a Quality and merits. Madeiu Ki^hts and Lefts.
Basemen's and Infielders' Mits.
Mil, made of the very
tanned buckskin, the
thumb and at wrist is
extra well padded with
the highest quality felt, making it a vt.-ry sal
'■.■ mbined with strength and dura-
I be mit throughout Is I work-
u d by our " High* si Quality "
Trade Mark. Made iu Rights and Lefts. .$3.00
new york A. G. SPALDING & BROS, chicaoo
Basemen's and Infielders'
No. 4X. Spalding's Basemen's and Infielders' Mit
is made throughout of velvet tanned deerskin and
edges nicely bound. Tt is well padded with fine
felt and carefully sewed and finished. Made in
Rights and Lefts Each, $2.00
No. 5X. Spa) '■ i semen's and Infielders' Mit,
made of good quality leather, extra well pad-
ded and constructed throughout in a most substan-
tial manner: an exceedingly good mit at a populai
. .Made in Rights and Lefts. ..Each, $ | .QO
Boys' Basemen's and Infielders' Mits.
No. 6X- Spalding's Roys' Basemen's Mit IS made
throughout of a good quality leather. t It ;
padded and makes a good and substantial mit for
boys. Made in Rights and Lefts Each, 50C.
Infielders 1 Glove is
specially tanned buck-
skin, lined and cor-
rectly padded w i t h
It fits the hand perfectly and our Trade
Marie " Quality " is a guarantee th I
is perfect in all its details. Made in Rights
and Lefts Each, $3.00
No. X . Spalding's Infielders' Glove, m ;■■
•;1 leather, ■■ and carefully
put together. Made in Rights and Letts. $ J ,50
No. |5. Spalding's Men's Infielders' Glove, all
leather; a substantial glove at a popular price.
$ 1 .00
No. |6. Spalding's Men's Infielders' Glove, all
leather Each, 50C.
Boys' Infielders' Gloves.
No. |3. Spalding's Hoys' Infielders' Glove, selected
leather, felt paaded, quality and style as our No.
X, in boys' sizes Each, $ | ,00
No- 17. Spalding's Boys' Infielders' GloVi
Pitchers* Toe Plates.
Worn on toe of shoe and made for left or right
foot. A valuable assistant in pitching.
Aluminum Toe Plate Each, 50c.
No. B. Brass Toe Plate.
new york A. G. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
Three Bases to a Set. Per Set.
No. Oi League Clu tra quality can-
i-rl quilted, Straps and spikes, complete. . .$8.00
No. I, Canvas Bases, good quality canvas, not
No. 0. quilled, straps and spikes, complete 6.00
No. 2i Canvas liases, ordinary quality, whli
straps and spikes, complete. . 4.00
Home Plates not included in a 1 ovc sets,
Spalding's Home Plates. Each .
No. 1. No. I, Rubber Home Plate, complete $7.50
No. 2. Marble Home Plate, best quality 2.0O
Spalding's Pitcher's Box Plates.
e in accordance with National League regulations
and of extra quality white rubber. Complete with pins.
No. 3. No. 3, Spalding's Pitcher's Box Plates. Each, $6,00
Spalding's Club Bags.
Canvas Club Bag, leather ends, for 24 bats..
Canvas Club Bag, leather ends, for 12 bats..
Sole Leather Bag, for two bats
Heavy Canvas Bag, leather reinforce al both ends...
Canvas Bag, leather reinforce at one end
I cover, 80 games. . ..
Cloth " 00 " ....
Cloth " 90 '• ....
Cloth " 120 " ....
^flfe I PJCKET SIZES.
f v. . /■) No. I. Paper cover, 7 games
^*2^ N . 2. Board " 22 "
" 1 "
. 1. 50
new york A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
BASE BALL 5H0E5.
Our "Highest Quality" Base Ball Shoe is hand-made through-
out, ami oi specially selected kangaroo leather. Extreme care
will be taken in their general construction, and no pains or ex-
pense will be spared in making this shoe not only of the very
highest in quality but a perfect shoe in every detail. The plates,
made exclusively for this shoe, are of the finest hand-forged
steel, and firmly riveted to heel and sole.
V. 2/0. Per Pair, $7.50.
SPRINTING. . .
Same quality as our No. 2/0 uilt on our famous
running shoe last, Wei aces to the pair, and
made with extra care throughout.
No. 30S. Pel lair, $ I O.OO.
CLUB SPECIAL. . .
Made of carefully attn calfskin, machine sewed,
rery subsi a first-class shoe in every
particular. Steel i
No, 3c Per Pair, $5.00.
AMATEUR SPEl AL. . .
Made of good quali
Plates riveted to hee
calfskin, machine sewed. A servlce-
and one we can specially recommend.
Per Pair, $3.50.
COMPLETE CATALOCUE OF ALL SPORTS FREE.
A. G. SPALDING & BROS.,
New York and Chicago.
THE Christy Saddle
CI I E hygienic features of the Christy
Saddle have been universally re-
cognized and confirmed by testi-
monials from il sands of physicians
in the United States and Canada, who
use it themselves and prescribe it for
It is modeled on anatomical lines
and comfortable cushions are SO placed
as to receive the bony prominences of
the pi Ivis, sustaining the weight of the
body, and the open centre protecting
ptible to injury.
Made in various sizes suitable for
children, as follow s:
I m ith pommel)
No. 1. Medium m/^-, width,8% in
La '■ size, width, !i in
No. 1. Small size, width ', ' in
THE ' i ■
men, women ami
, without pon
S. Small size, width. 7 ' .■
0. I ,,ti ge H/--. u'uiili, !)
Insist upon having the Christy— the original and genuine
It measures yards and i'
no other cyclometer doi .
It has no springs — just a
gears which interlock ; tin
jolting has no effect upon it.
Every revolution oi the wheel
is accurately registered in feet,
yards, tenths "f a mile, mill s,
hundreds, thousands ami ten
It is the smallest i
made. Weighs only l' 4 ' ounces, fsdusl proof and rust proof.
A. Q. SPALDING & BROS.
Spalding's Inflated Body Protector.
W._- nre now the sole manufacturers of the Gray Patent
tors, the only practical device for the protection
oi catchers and umpires. They are made
il ii air, light and pliable, an- 1 do not in-
terfere with the movement ■ < f the wearer under an |
ditlons. When not in use the air may be Let out and the
Protector rolled in a very small space. We have added
this sea Itich is equal
in quality to the other styles, only smaller in
No. O. League Catchers' Protector $ | O.OO
No- |. Amateur Catchers' Protector 6.00
No. 2. Boys' Catchers' Protector 5.00
Special League Shoe Plates.
Our Special League Plates are made of the finest tern-
and the strength increased almost fourfold
without increasing m ■ brace,
which i ■ metal
^■pressing the centre, thus forming a
No, O. Spalding's Special Hand Forged Steel Pair.
Toe Plates $ .50
No. 2~0« Spalding's Special Hand Forged Steel
Heel PJates 50
Per dozen pairs, $5.00
Professional Shoe Plates.
No, |. Spalding's Professional Toe Plates, best
No< | H. Spalding's Professional Heel
best quality steel
Per dozen pairs, $2-50
Amateur Shoe Plates.
Spalding's Amateur Shoe Plates, fine
Spalding's Umpire Indicator.
No. O. Made of celluloid, ex* ■
inches. 1 1 I i ally of
balls and strikes. Endorsed and used hy
all League umpires Each,
Spalding's Scoring Tablet.
No I, A simple, convenient and accurate
device for the record of runs and outs.
It is made of celluloid and can be easily
carried in any vest pocket Each,
new york A. G. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
Base Ball Caps.
Chicago, College, Boston and University styles.
No. O quality, best flannel $ | .OO
No. | quality, lighter flannel .85
No, 2 quality, good flannel. 75
No. 3 quality, ordinary flannel .50
Chicago Style. No " 4 *Mlfey*H*nt flannel .40
Chicago Style, made in 0, 1st, 2d and 8d
College Style, made In all qualities.
^^ Boston Style, made in 0, 1st, 2d and 3d
^^*^ University Style, made in and 1st qualities
Boston Style. only.
Base Ball Belts.
Worsted Web Belts.
No. 3"0. Special League Belt, Worsted
Web, 2^4 inches wide, leather lined,
No. 3/0. nickel plated buckle Each, 75c.
No. 2-0. League Belt, Worsted W
inches wide, large nickel-plated buckle,
No. 2. Worsted Web Bclt.S's in<h
double strap, leather covered buckles,
No. 2. 50C.
No. 47. Worsted Web Belt, 8% inches
wide, single strap, leather covered buckle,
Cotton Web Belts.
Colors: Red, Navy, White, Maroon and
No. 47. Stripes.
So. 23. Cotton Web Belt, 2'.' inches
wide, i rp, nickel buckles,
No. 4. Cotton Web Belt, t}i inches,
leather mounted, single strap an-t l<
No. -a. Each - 20c
Athletes' Uniform Bag.
For carrying Base Ball and other uniforms.
Made to roll and will not wrinkle or soil
same. Separate compartments 1
No. I. Canvas Each, $2.50
No. 2- Fine Bag Leather 5 OO
NtTV vork A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
Spalding's Base Ball Shirts.
In I. ace or Button Front. Each.
No. O. (&jjffl!£!& Shirt, any style $5.50
No. I. The "University" Shirt, any style 4.50
No. 2. " Interscholastic" Shirt, any style 3.75
No. 3. " Clob Special " Shirt, any style 2.50
No. 4. "Amateur Special " Shirt, any style. .. | .85
Price includes Lettering on Shirts.
Base Ball Pants.
In Tape or Elastic Bottom.
N". |. " University " Pants 4.50
N''>. 2. " Interscholastic " Pants 3.50
No. 3. "Club Special" Pants 2.50
No. 4. "Amateur Special " Pants 1.75
Base Ball Uniforms.
Including Shirt, Padded Pants, Cap, Belt and
Uniform $ I 4.75
No. |. "University " Uniform | (.25
No. 2. " Interscholastic " Uniform 9.00
No. 3« " Club Special " Uniform.
No. 4, "Amateur Special 1 ' Uniform..-, 4.50
Our line of flannels for Base Hall Uniforms consists of the best quali-
ties in their respective grades and the most desirable colors for Base Ball
Uniforms. Each grade is kept up to the highest point of excellence and
quality improved wherever possible every season. Owing to the heavy
weight flannels used in our Nos. and 1 Uniforms, we have found it
desirable, after many y.-.-trs of experience, to use a little lighter weight
material for the shins; thismakes them more comfortable, much cooler,
and wear just as well as the heavier weight.
new york A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. Chicago
Opalding's Home Library
Devoted to Games and Pastimes
of Interest to the Home Circle...
3 Dominoes and Dice
9 Checkers 5 Backgammon
io Bezique 6 Euchre
ii Pool 7 Billiards
12 Pinochle 8 Ecarte
17 Go-Bang 14 Hearts
iS Games of Patience 15 Reversi
19 Children's Games 16 Piquet
21 Drawing Room Games
22 Group of Card Games
23 Children's Qames
24 Group of Card Games
25 Drawing Room Games
26 Group of Card Games
27 Children's Games
29 Drawing Room Games
PRICE 10 CENT5
American Sports Pub. Co.,
241 BROADWAY, N. Y.
3, I I;
4. How ixer.
I'.. How tn Pliy i
; Boys. By W
9- '1 ! v to Run, Sprint,
Jump, Walk, an- 1 I
-.'' I. Ci
8 1 . 1 :
i | M. ( '. Mui
38. Pr Arthur A. Irwin.
'■'/.* Lawn Bowls, By Hi
I,'. i I i
\ t \ \ \ t roide.
Per Copy, 10 cents, postpaid.
AMERICAN SPORTS PUB. CO.,
211 BROADWAY , V \
nil ■ UUP